The overall declines in poverty rates are based on quite different experiences in different regions, however, as poverty rates vary widely across regions, ranging from 12-15 percent for Latin America and East Asia to almost 50 percent in Africa. Impressive declines in poverty have been recorded in China and India, which together make up roughly half of the developing world. Modest declines have also been recorded in Latin America. But, at the other extreme, sub-Saharan Africa appears to have experienced increasing poverty rates (see Table 2-4).

$2 Per Day Poverty Line

Number of People in Poverty (millions)

% of Population in Poverty

1987

1998

1987

1998

1052.3

884.9

67.0

48.7

299.9

252.1

62.9

44.3

16.3

98.2

3.6

20.7

147.6

159.0

35.5

31.7

65.1

85.4

30.0

29.9

911.0

1,094.6

86.3

83.9

356.6

489.3

76.5

78.0

2,549.0

2,811.5

61.0

56.1

1,796.6

2,178.7

58.2

57.9

SOURCE: Chen and Ravallion (2001).



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement