FIGURE 4-2 Annual mean simulated clear-sky radiative forcing in watts per square meter at the top of the atmosphere (net), surface (net), and in the atmosphere calculated from the aerosol optical depths shown in Figure 4.1. SOURCE: Adapted from Collins et al. (2002).



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement