BOX 1.1
Agents Specified in PL 105–368 and PL 105–277

  1. The following organophosphorous pesticides:

    1. Chlorpyrifos.

    2. Diazinon.

    3. Dichlorvos.

    4. Malathion.

  1. The following carbamate pesticides:

    1. Proxpur.

    2. Carbaryl.

    3. Methomyl.

  1. The carbamate pyridostigmine bromide used as nerve agent prophylaxis.

  2. The following chlorinated hydrocarbons and other pesticides and repellents:

    1. Lindane.

    2. Pyrethrins.

    3. Permethrins.

    4. Rodenticides (bait).

    5. Repellent (DEBT).

  1. The following low-level nerve agents and precursor compounds at exposure levels below those which produce immediately apparent incapacitating symptoms:

    1. Sarin.

    2. Tabun.

  1. The following synthetic chemical compounds:

    1. Mustard agents at levels below those which cause immediate blistering.

    2. Volatile organic compounds.

    3. Hydrazine.

    4. Red fuming nitric acid.

    5. Solvents.

  1. The following sources of radiation:

    1. Depleted uranium.

    2. Microwave radiation.

    3. Radio frequency radiation.

  1. The following environmental particulates and pollutants:

    1. Hydrogen sulfide.

    2. Oil fire byproducts.

    3. Diesel heater fumes.

    4. Sand micro-particles.

  1. Diseases endemic to the region (including the following):

    1. Leishmaniasis.

    2. Sandfly fever.

    3. Pathogenic escherichia coli.

    4. Shigellosis.

  1. Time compressed administration of multiple live, “attenuated,” and toxoid vaccines.


After the 1991 Gulf War, deployed veterans began to report more symptoms than their nondeployed counterparts according to numerous population-based studies from the United States (Iowa Persian Gulf Study Group 1997; Kang et al. 2000), United Kingdom (Cherry et al.

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