Ross JA, Swensen AR. 2000. Prenatal epidemiology of pediatric tumors. Current Oncology Reports 2(3):234–241.

Rowe PJ, Comhaire FH, Hargreave TB, Mellows HJ. 1993. WHO Manual for the Standardized Investigation and Diagnosis of the Infertile Couple. New York: Cambridge University Press.


San Sebastián M, Armstrong B, Stephens C. 2002. Outcomes of pregnancy among women living in the proximity of oil fields in the Amazon basin of Ecuador. International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health 8(4):312–319.

Santos-Mello R, Cavalcante B. 1992. Cytogenetic studies on gas station attendants. Mutation Research 280(4):285–290.

Shu XO, Gao YT, Brinton LA, Linet MS, Tu JT, Zheng W, Fraumeni JF Jr. 1988. A population-based case-control study of childhood leukemia in Shanghai. Cancer 62(3):635–644.

Smith Ma, Suess JA. 1998. Obstetric complications during pregnancy. In: Taylor RB, ed. Family Medicine: Principles and Practice. 5th ed. New York: Springer. Pp. 106–121.

Speroff L, Glass RH, Kase NG. 1999. Clinical Gynecologic Endocrinology and Infertility. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Sram RJ, Benes I, Binkova B, Dejmek J, Horstman D, Kotesovec F, Otto D, Perreault SD, Rubes J, Selevan SG, Skalik I, Stevens RK, Lewtas J. 1996. Teplice Program—The impact of air pollution on human health. Environmental Health Perspectives 104(suppl. 4):699–714.

Strakowski SM, Butler MG. 1987. Paternal hydrocarbon exposure in Prader-Willi syndrome. Lancet 2(8573):1458.


Templeton A. 2000. Infertility and the establishment of pregnancy—overview. British Medical Bulletin 56(3):577–587.


van Steensel-Moll HA, Valkenburg HA, van Zanen GE. 1985. Childhood leukemia and parental occupation. A register-based case-control study. American Journal of Epidemiology 121(2):216–224.

Vassilev ZP, Robson MG, Klotz JB. 2001a. Outdoor exposure to airborne polycyclic organic matter and adverse reproductive outcomes: A pilot study. American Journal of Industrial Medicine 40(3):255–262.

Vassilev ZP, Robson MG, Klotz JB. 2001b. Associations of polycyclic organic matter in outdoor air with decreased birth weight: A pilot cross-sectional analysis. Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part A 64(8):595–605.

Ventura SJ, Martin JA, Curtin SC, Mathews TJ. 1998. Report of final natality statistics, 1996. Monthly vital statistics report. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics: Provisional statistics from the National Center for Health Statistics; as cited in Lee et al. 2003.

Vianna NJ, Kovasznay B, Polan A, Ju C. 1984. Infant leukemia and paternal exposure to motor vehicle exhaust fumes. Journal of Occupational Medicine 26(9):679–682.


Wang X, Ding H, Ryan L, Xu X. 1997. Association between air pollution and low birth weight: A community-based study. Environmental Health Perspectives 105(5):514–520.

Wilhelm M, Ritz B. 2003. Residential proximity to traffic and adverse birth outcomes in Los Angeles County, California, 1994–1996. Environmental Health Perspectives 111(2):207–216.


Xu X, Ding H, Wang X. 1995. Acute effects of total suspended particles and sulfur dioxides on preterm delivery: A community-based cohort study. Archives of Environmental Health 50(6):407–415.


Zack M, Cannon S, Loyd D, Heath CW Jr, Falletta JM, Jones B, Housworth J, Crowley S. 1980. Cancer in children of parents exposed to hydrocarbon-related industries and occupations. American Journal of Epidemiology 111(3):329–336.



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement