Reference

Study Population

Exposed Cases

Estimated Relative Risk

 

Nonsubstantial

9

2.2 (1.2–6.3)

 

Substantial

1

3.1 (0.3–28.1)

Lymphopoietic Cancer

Cohort Studies

Mazumdar et al. 1975

Pennsylvania sheet and tin mill cohort

 

 

 

Jobs with exposure to acid baths (containing sulfuric, hydrochloric, or phosphoric acid)

 

 

 

Batch pickling and sheet dryers

0

Continuous pickling and electric cleaning

0

Stainless annealing, pickling, and processing

1

5.0 (0.13–27.85)b

Coating

0

Sheet finishing and shipping

0

Tin finishing and shipping

3

3.00 (0.62–8.77)b

Rapiti et al. 1997

Italian chemical-plant workers

 

 

 

Exposed to acid mixtures

2

1.87 (0.33–5.88)c

 

Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma

1

4.17 (0.04–19.70)c

 

Leukemia

1

1.79 (0.09–8.47)c

Multiple Myeloma

Case-Control Study

Morris et al. 1986

Residents of four US states

 

 

 

Self-respondents and proxies

20

1.0 (0.6–1.9)

 

Self-respondents only

19

1.5 (0.8–2.8)

Non-Cancer Health Outcomes

Arteriosclerotic Heart Disease (Mortality)

Cohort Study

Mazumdar et al. 1975

Pennsylvania sheet and tin mill cohort (≥5 years)

 

 

 

Jobs with exposure to acid baths (containing sulfuric, hydrochloric, or phosphoric acid)

 

 

 

Batch pickling and sheet dryers

12

2.55 (1.15–3.88)a (p<0.01)

Continuous pickling and electric cleaning

8 (vs 6.9)

1.17

Stainless annealing, pickling, and processing

16 (vs 14.0)

1.16

Coating

12

0.66 (0.35–1.20)a

Sheet finishing and shipping

98

1.07 (0.86–1.29)a

Tin finishing and shipping

26

1.08 (0.69–1.56)a



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