FIGURE 4.3 Lung cancer and ambient air pollution from combustion of fuels

Ambient Air-Pollution Studies

Five cohort studies have investigated the association between ambient air pollution and lung cancer: the Harvard Six Cities study (Krewski et al. 2000), the American Cancer Society (ACS) CPS-II Study (Pope et al. 1995, 2002), the California Seventh-Day Adventist Study (Abbey et al. 1999; Beeson et al. 1998), a Dutch study of diet and health (Hoek et al. 2002), and a cardiovascular cohort study in Norway (Nafstad et al. 2003). All except the Norwegian study used fixed-site air-pollution monitors to estimate exposure to ambient air pollution. In the Harvard Six Cities and ACS studies, subjects were assigned at the time of entry into the studies



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement