TABLE 5-1 Number of Cochrane and Non-Cochrane Reviews, by Therapy, March 2004

Therapy

Cochrane Reviews

Non-Cochrane Reviews

Acupuncture

10

69

Alexander technique

1

0

Art therapy

1

1

Biofeedback

2

26

Chiropractic

2

33

Dietary supplements (nonherbal)

71

46

Electromagnetic therapy

3

11

Herbal therapy

23

79

Homeopathy

4

34

Laser therapy

4

4

Massage therapy

4

18

Prayer

1

2

Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation

7

11

Therapeutic touch

1

3

Yoga

2

4

Other

27

91

NOTE: Some reviews cover multiple therapies and are therefore counted multiple times. The total number of Cochrane and Non-Cochrane reviews represented in this table are 156 and 340, respectively.

modalities that may be relevant and eligible for a systematic review. The Chinese Cochrane Centre, for example, has identified an estimated 10,000 trials of traditional Chinese medicine through their hand searches (Tang and Wong, 1998); moreover, dozens of reviews of traditional Chinese medicine are under way.

Cochrane Review Evidence for CAM1

All Cochrane reviews, be they of CAM or conventional medicine therapies, apply the same standards, that is, therapies within both categories are

1  

The committee did not include information about the general direction of effect for the AHRQ reports because the individual reports covered too wide a range of conditions (e.g., S-Adenosyl-L-Methionine (SAMe) for Depression, Osteoarthritis, and Liver Disease) and therapies (e.g., Mind-Body Interventions for Gastrointestinal Conditions). Cochrane reviews, in contrast, typically evaluate a specific therapy for a specific condition. Concise summaries of the findings of each of the AHRQ Technology Reports are presented on the AHRQ website or http://www.ahrq.gov/clinic/epcindex.htm#complementary.



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