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its power industry. In addition, China has taken the first steps toward controlling pollution from that industry. Nevertheless, compliance monitoring and enforcement are not uniform and are not implemented everywhere in the country. Significant progress has been made in assessing the environmental impact of proposed plants, but not as much progress has been made in ensuring that pollution control systems are operated once the plant is built. As China becomes more prosperous, the need for electrical energy will increase; hence it will burn more coal. It is, therefore, imperative that power sector pollution control remain a high priority.


Jia, L., Baratz, B., and Fritz, J. 2000. Environmental Performance of Bank-Financed, Coal-Fired Power Plants in China. Washington, D.C.: World Bank, East Asia Environment and Social Development Unit.

World Bank. 1998. Pollution Prevention and Abatement Handbook. Washington, D.C.: World Bank.

World Bank. 2001. China: Air, Land, and Water Environmental Priorities for a New Millennium. Washington, D.C.: World Bank.

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