NEXRAD Next Generation Weather Radar

NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

NPOESS National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System

NRC National Research Council

NSF National Science Foundation

OSTP Office of Science and Technology Policy

OTA Office of Technology Assessment

PR Precipitation Radar

QUIKSCAT Quick Scatterometer

R-CLIPER Rainfall CLImate and PERsistence

SHIPS Statistical Hurricane Intensity Prediction Scheme

SIGMET significant meteorological advisory

SMOS Surface Meteorological Observation System

SSM/I Special Sensor Microwave/Imager

SSMIS Special Sensor Microwave Imager/Sounder

SST sea surface temperature

TC tropical cyclone

TCSP Tropical Cloud Systems and Processes

TERRA NASA’s Earth Observing System (EOS) flagship satellite

TEXMEX Tropical Experiment in Mexico

THORPEX The Observing-System Research and Predictability Experiment

TMI TRMM Microwave Imager

TOGA Tropical Oceans and Global Atmosphere Programme

TRaP Tropical Rainfall Potential

TRMM Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission

VIRS Visible and Infrared Scanner

WCRP World Climate Research Program

WindSat Wind Satellite

WMO World Meteorological Organization

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