Greer, M.A., G. Goodman, R.C. Pleus, and S.E. Greer. 2002. Health effects assessment for environmental perchlorate contamination: The dose response for inhibition of thyroidal radioiodine uptake in humans. Environ. Health Perspect. 110(9):927-937.


Hollowell, J.G., N.W. Staehling, W.H. Hannon, D.W. Flanders, E.W. Gunter, G.F. Maberly, L.E. Braverman, S. Pino, D.T. Miller, P.L. Garbe, D.M. DeLozier, and R.J. Jackson. 1998. Iodine nutrition in the United States. Trends and public health implications: Iodine excretion data from National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys I and III (1971-1974 and 1988-1994). J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. 83(10):3401-3408.


Kelsh, M.A., P.A. Buffler, J.J. Daaboul, G.W. Rutherford, E.C. Lau, J.C. Barnard, A.K. Exuzides, A.K. Madl, L.G. Palmer, and F. Lorey. 2003. Primary congenital hypothyroidism, newborn thyroid function, and environmental perchlorate exposure among residents of a southern California community. J. Occup. Environ. Med. 45(10):1116-1127.

Klein, R.Z., J.E. Haddow, J.D. Faix, R.S. Brown, R.J. Hermos, A. Pulkkinen, and M.L. Mitchell. 1991. Prevalence of thyroid deficiency in pregnant women. Clin. Endocrinol. 35(1):41-46.


Li, F.X., D.M. Byrd, G.M. Deyhle, D.E. Sesser, M.R. Skeels, S.R. Katkowsky, and S.H. Lamm. 2000. Neonatal thyroid-stimulating hormone level and perchlorate in drinking water. Teratology 62(6):429-431.

Li, Z., F.X. Li, D. Byrd, G.M. Deyhle, D.E. Sesser, M.R. Skeels, and S.H. Lamm. 2000. Neonatal thyroxine level and perchlorate in drinking water. J. Occup. Environ. Med. 42(2):200-205.


Merrill, E.A. 2001. Consultative Letter, AFRL-HE-WP-CL-2001-0008. PBPK Model for Perchlorate-Induced Inhibition of Radioiodide Uptake in Humans. Memorandum with attachments to Annie M. Jarabek, NCEA, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC, from Elaine Merrill, Air Force Research Laboratory/HEST, Department of the Air Force, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, OH. June 5, 2001.

Merrill, E.A., R.A. Clewell, J.M. Gearhart, P.J. Robinson, T.R. Sterner, K.O. Yu, D.R. Mattie, and J.W. Fisher. 2003. PBPK predictions of perchlorate distribution and its effect on thyroid uptake of radioiodide in the male rat. Toxicol. Sci. 73(2):256-269.


Schwartz, J. 2001. Gestational Exposure to Perchlorate is Associated with Measures of Decreased Thyroid Function in a Population of California Neonates. M.S. Thesis, University of California, Berkeley.

Soldin, O.P., S.J. Soldin, and J.C. Pezzullo. 2003. Urinary iodine percentile ranges in the United States. Clin. Chim. Acta 328(1-2):185-190.



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement