Appendix B
Acronyms and Abbreviations


α

polarizability; or lowest frequency dispersion

AFB

Air Force Base

AFRL

Air Force Research Laboratories (at Brooks Air Force Base, San Antonio, Texas)

AGNIR

Advisory Group on Non-ionizing Radiation

ANSI

American National Standards Institute


B

magnetic flux density

B-dot

sensor that measures the derivative of a magnetic field

BBB

blood-brain barrier

BP

blood bressure

BRFSS

Massachusetts Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System

BSL

Broadcast Signal Laboratories

β

second frequency dispersion


CA

Canada

Ca++

calcium ion

CCCR

Cape Cod Commission Reporter

CCEC

Cape Cod Environmental Coalition

CDMA

Code Division Multiple Access (cellular telephone technology originally known as IS-95)

CI

confidence interval

CNS

central nervous system

COPPS

Coalition for the Operation of PAVE PAWS Safely

CRC

CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida

CW

continuous wave



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OCR for page 189
An Assessment of Potential Health Effects from Exposure to Pave Paws Low-Level Phased-Array Radiofrequency Energy Appendix B Acronyms and Abbreviations α polarizability; or lowest frequency dispersion AFB Air Force Base AFRL Air Force Research Laboratories (at Brooks Air Force Base, San Antonio, Texas) AGNIR Advisory Group on Non-ionizing Radiation ANSI American National Standards Institute B magnetic flux density B-dot sensor that measures the derivative of a magnetic field BBB blood-brain barrier BP blood bressure BRFSS Massachusetts Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System BSL Broadcast Signal Laboratories β second frequency dispersion CA Canada Ca++ calcium ion CCCR Cape Cod Commission Reporter CCEC Cape Cod Environmental Coalition CDMA Code Division Multiple Access (cellular telephone technology originally known as IS-95) CI confidence interval CNS central nervous system COPPS Coalition for the Operation of PAVE PAWS Safely CRC CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida CW continuous wave

OCR for page 189
An Assessment of Potential Health Effects from Exposure to Pave Paws Low-Level Phased-Array Radiofrequency Energy D reflector diameter D-dot sensor that measures the derivative of an electric field Da dalton dB decibel DC direct current DDT dichloro-diphenyl-trichloroethane DED Directed Energy Directorate (of the Air Force Research Laboratories at Brooks Air Force Base, San Antonio, Texas) DEM Digital Elevation Model DMBA 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene DNA deoxyribonucleic acid dsb double-strand breaks ° degrees Δf bandwidth (delta frequency) E electric field EEG electroencephalogram EHS Environmental Health and Safety EIG Engineering Installation Group (Keesler Air Force Base, Biloxi, Mississippi) EIS Environmental Impact Statement ELF extremely low frequency EMF electro-magnetic field EPA Environmental Protection Agency f frequency; focal length frs principal frequency of the rise time F force; frequency FDMA Frequency Division Multiple Access (cellular telephone technology) FM frequency modulation ft feet γ third frequency dispersion GAO General Accounting Office Gy gray cGy centigray (10−2 gray) GPS Global Positioning System GSM Groupe Spécial Mobile (cellular telephone technology) h Planck’s constant

OCR for page 189
An Assessment of Potential Health Effects from Exposure to Pave Paws Low-Level Phased-Array Radiofrequency Energy HCN Health Council of the Netherlands HED Human Effects Division (of the Air Force Research Laboratories at Brooks Air Force Base, San Antonio, Texas) HPLC high performance liquid chromatography HR heart rate hsp70 heat-shock protein 70 Hz hertz kHz kilohertz (103 hertz) MHz megahertz (106 hertz) GHz gigahertz (109 hertz) THz terahertz (1012 hertz) ICNIRP International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection ILHI Incomplete Lipschitz-Hankel Integrals IR infrared IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers IITRI Illinois Institute of Technology Research Institute J drift current density; or joule (kJ = kilojoule = 103 joule) k Boltzmann’s constant kg kilogram (10−3 gram) λ wavelength m meter cm centimeter (10−2 meter) km kilometer (10−3 meter) MA Massachusetts Mag magnitude MDPH Massachusetts Department of Public Health MISER Massachusetts Institute for Social and Economic Research MMR Massachusetts Military Reservation MPE Maximum Permissible Exposure MS Mississippi µ mobility [in J = NµαV(E• ∇)E] N particle density [in J = NµαV(E• ∇)E] NA National Academies NAS National Academy of Sciences Nc not calculated

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An Assessment of Potential Health Effects from Exposure to Pave Paws Low-Level Phased-Array Radiofrequency Energy NCRP National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements NIEHS National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences NRC National Research Council NRPB National Radiological Protection Board NSWC Naval Surface Weapons Center NYU New York University PAVE PAWS “PAVE” is an Air Force program name and “PAWS” stands for Phased Array Warning System PCE perchloroethylene PI Physics International PPPHSG PAVE PAWS Public Health Steering Group % percent Φ azimuth angle q charge Q ratio of stored energy to dissipated energy QPSK Quadrature Phase Shift Keying (a digital frequency modulation technique for sending data over coaxial cable or radio) R resistance [in <V2> = 4kTΔfR]; or distance [in 1/R2] RF radiofrequency RFEMF radiofrequency electromagnetic field RG-8 type of coaxial cable RNA ribonucleic acid S siemen (conductivity is defined in S/m) SAR Specific Absorption Rate sec second msec millisecond (10−3 second) nsec nanosecond (109 second) psec picosecond (10−12 second) SES socio-economic status SIR standard incidence rates or standardized incidence ratio SMR standard mortality rates or standardized mortality ratio SRI Stanford Research Institute (type of dish antenna) ssb single-strand breaks SSI Swedish Radiation Protection Institute σ conductivity (is defined in S/m) T tesla; or absolute temperature [in <V2> = 4kTΔfR] mT millitesla (10−3 tesla) TEM Transverse Electro-Magnetic (type of antenna)

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An Assessment of Potential Health Effects from Exposure to Pave Paws Low-Level Phased-Array Radiofrequency Energy TPA 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbal-13-acetate TR Transmit-Receive modules TV television θ polar angle τr pulse rise time UHF ultra-high frequency UK United Kingdom US United States UV ulraviolet UVA type of ultraviolet light UVB type of ultraviolet light v velocity V volt; or volume of the ion or molecule in [in J = NµαV(E• ∇)E] kV kilovolt (103 volt) VHF very-high frequency W watts; or energy [in W = hf] kW kilowatts (103 watts) W/cm2 watts per centimeter squared (power density) µW/cm2 microwatts (10−6 watts) per centimeter squared (power density)