finance, energy economics, the value of information, and economics and policy issues of outer space. Recent projects include assessing the value of technology transfer and satellite remote sensing, the cost-effectiveness of a faster, better, cheaper space program, and the development of public policy and performance measures for NASA's New Millennium Program. Dr. Macauley has been a visiting professor at Johns Hopkins University, Department of Economics. She testified before Congress on the use of financial prizes for space innovation, the Commercial Space Act of 1997, the Omnibus Space Commercialization Act of 1996, the Space Business Incentives Act of 1996, and space commercialization. Dr. Macauley has served on many national committees and panels, including the congressionally mandated Economic Study of Space Solar Power (chair), the National Research Council's Helium Reserve Committee, the Steering Group on Space Applications and Commercialization, and the Committee on Space Solar Power, among others. She has served on the board of directors of Women in Aerospace and as president of the board of advisors of the Thomas Jefferson Public Policy Program at the College of William and Mary. She recently completed a report on the government's role in research and development, with emphasis on science and technology.

DAVA J. NEWMAN is professor of aeronautics and astronautics and engineering systems at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and a MacVicar Faculty Fellow. In addition to these responsibilities, she was recently named director of the Technology and Policy Program at MIT. Her expertise is in multidisciplinary research that combines aerospace biomedical engineering, human-in-the-loop modeling, biomechanics, human interface technology, life sciences, systems analysis, design, and policy. Dr. Newman's research studies are carried out through spaceflight experiments, ground-based simulations, and mathematical modeling. Current research efforts include advanced space-suit design, dynamics and control of astronaut motion, mission analysis, and engineering systems design and policy analysis. She also has ongoing efforts in assistive technologies to augment human locomotion here on Earth. Dr. Newman is the author of Interactive Aerospace Engineering and Design, an introductory engineering textbook with accompanying CD-ROM, published by McGraw-Hill, Inc., in 2002. She has also published more than 100 papers in journals and refereed conferences. Dr. Newman received her B.S. degree from the University of Notre Dame and S.M. degrees from MIT's Technology and Policy Program and the department of Aeronautics and Astronautics. She serves as a member of the Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board and has also served as a member of the NRC Committee on Advanced Technology for Human Support in Space, the Committee for the Assessment of NASA’s Space Solar Power Investment, and the Committee on Engineering Challenges to the Long-Term Operation of the International Space Station.

ERIC E. RICE, president, CEO, and chairman of Orbital Technologies Inc. (ORBITEC), is currently leading the development of revolutionary microgravity research systems for spaceflight; advanced high-energy-density propellant-based propulsion engines for future space transport systems and space platforms; in situ propellant processing on the moon and Mars; an innovative cryogenic fluid management technology; and advanced combustors for rocket engines. ORBITEC is a small aerospace business very involved in the government's Small Business Innovative Research Awards. Dr. Rice holds a Ph.D. in



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