Table 4-2. Recordkeeping deficiencies noted in the records of animals that died at the CRC facility.

Animal

Accession Number

Recordkeeping deficiencies evident

Recent animal deaths covered by the media or identified to the committee in public comments

 

Persian Onager

104834

X

Grevy’s Zebra

110719

X

Burmese Brow-antlered Deer

111413

X

Burmese Brow-antlered Deer

113296

 

Animal deaths selected by random sampling

 

Scimitar-horned Oryx

104710

 

Przewalski’s Horse

105791

 

Przewalski’s Horse

106006

X

Oryx Dammah

106054

X

Oryx Leucoryx

107973

X

Oryx Leucoryx

108300

X

Oryx Leucoryx

109698

X

Scimitar-horned Oryx

110177

 

Scimitar-horned Oryx

110612

 

Przewalski’s Horse

110627

 

Arabian Oryx

111021

X

Orangutan - Accession #100797

This 33-year-old orangutan with a suspected intestinal obstruction underwent surgery on January 28, 2000 (NZP, Medical Record, Accession #100797). A 7-cm tumor and 30-cm section of the small intestine were removed with nearby lymph nodes. Examination of the tumor and lymph nodes revealed that the tumor was a malignant adenocarcinoma that had metastasized to the local lymph nodes. This type of tumor and its spread to local lymph nodes suggested a poor prognosis (NZP, Pathology Report, Accession #100797). Postsurgical recovery was uneventful. In March, an old wound on the animal’s neck reopened, and the animal was treated with a round of antibiotics. In early May, the orangutan had a 2-week bout of intermittently loose stools and was treated with two rounds of antibiotics. On June 18, the animal was started on a 7-day course of antibiotics, although there is no notation of whether it was to treat a recurrence of diarrhea or a reopening of the neck wound. On July 25, it is noted in the medical record that the animal was lethargic and had a distended abdomen. The animal apparently had diarrhea throughout July; five fecal screens were performed, and each fecal screening record notes diarrhea (NZP, Clinical Laboratory Report, Clinical Lab No. 2000-1949; 2000-2050; 2000-2133; 2000-2178; 2000-2194). The screenings on July 21 and July 24 (NZP, Clinical Laboratory Report, Clinical Lab No. 2000-2178; 2000-2194) both indicated gram-negative bacterial overgrowth. The animal developed progressive anorexia and vomiting (NZP, Medical Record, Accession #100797). Euthanasia was performed because of the animal’s deteriorating quality of life and poor prognosis due to metastatic intestinal cancer (NZP, Request for Specimen Euthanasia, Accession #100797; NZP, Medical Record, Accession #100797). Necropsy revealed persistent diarrhea attributed to subacute inflammation of the intestine; Salmonella arizonae was cultured from the colon (NZP, Pathology Report, Accession #100797).

In the committee’s judgment, the veterinary care provided this animal was acceptable, and the euthanasia was appropriate. The failure to diagnose the Salmonella infection might be viewed negatively, but in the committee’s judgment the veterinary staff was warranted in attributing the animal’s diarrhea to complications from intestinal resection and intestinal tumors. In addition, the committee could find no fault with the decision to euthanize. However, the euthanasia-request form for this animal (NZP, Request for Euthanasia, Accession #100797)



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