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TABLE 1-2 Types of Workers Who Could Conduct the Priority Functions Necessary for the Surveillance for, Detection of, and Response to Microbial Threats at U.S. Ports of Entry

Type of Worker

Priority Functions

 

Historic Functionsa

Planning

Surveillance (Epidemiological)

Assessment & Response (Clinical)

Communicationb

Creating Linkages

Health Education

Risk Communication

Media & Public Relations

 

Physician

 

 

 

x

x

x

 

x

Physician with public health background

 

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

Nurse practitioner

 

x

 

x

x

 

 

x

Physician’s assistant

 

 

 

x

x

x

 

x

Nurse

 

 

 

x

x

x

 

x

Public health nurse

 

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

Public health advisor

 

Baccalaureate orequivalent

x

x

 

 

x

 

 

x

Master’s ordoctoral

 

Trained in epidemiology

x

x

x

 

x

x

 

x

Nottrained in epidemiology

x

x

 

 

x

x

 

x

Infectious disease epidemiologist

 

x

x

 

 

 

 

x

Communication specialist (Master’s or equivalent)

 

x

 

 

 

x

x

x

NOTE: Any of these individuals could have the ability to manage a quarantine station. No correlation necessarily exists between level of education and rank.

a For purposes of this report, the historic clinical capacities of the quarantine stations are encompassed by the priority function of assessment and response.

b General communication competencies were intentionally left out of this table.



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