plasma sources in the transfer of energy among planetary ionospheres and magnetospheres and the solar wind?

  1. Understanding the basic physical principles manifest in processes observed in solar and space plasmas. How is magnetic field energy converted to heat and particle kinetic energy in magnetic reconnection events?

  2. Developing near-real-time predictive capability for understanding and quantifying the impact on human activities of dynamical processes at the Sun, in the interplanetary medium, and in Earth’s magnetosphere. What is the probability of occurrence of specific types of space weather phenomena over periods from hours to days?

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