the National Bureau of Standards) in the environmental measurement and fire research programs, served as chief of staff of the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Science and Technology, and was director of the University of Colorado’s Center for Space and Geosciences Policy. He is currently a member of the SSB. He served as rapporteur for the NRC workshop report on space policy that was published in early 2004.

DONALD E. INGBER is the Judah Folkman Professor of Vascular Biology in the Department of Pathology at Harvard Medical School and the Departments of Pathology and Surgery at Children’s Hospital Boston. He is also a member of the Children’s Hospital Vascular Biology Program, Harvard Materials Research Science and Engineering Center, Harvard-MIT Health Science and Technology Division, Harvard-Dana Farber Cancer Center, and MIT Center for Bioengineering. Although trained in cell biology and medicine, he has integrated approaches from molecular biology, engineering, chemistry, microfabrication, nanotechnology, and computer science to define how cells sense and respond to mechanical forces. He is a member of the SSB.

TAMARA E. JERNIGAN is principal deputy associate director of the Physics and Advanced Technologies Directorate at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. She is a veteran of five space shuttle missions, having supervised the pre-flight planning and in-flight execution of critical activities aboard five shuttle flights, including serving as mission specialist on the first dedicated life sciences mission, STS-40, and as payload commander of STS-67. Formerly she served as deputy chief of the astronaut office and as deputy to the chief of the Astronaut Office for the Space Station.

MARGARET G. KIVELSON is Distinguished Professor of Space Physics in the Department of Earth and Space Sciences and the Institute of Geophysics and Planetary Physics at UCLA. Her principal scientific interests are the magnetospheric plasma physics of Earth and Jupiter and the interaction of flowing plasmas with planets and moons. She is a member of the National Academy of Sciences, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and the SSB. She was a participant in the first decadal survey in solar and space physics, The Sun to the Earth—and Beyond: A Decadal Research Strategy in Solar and Space Physics, and is a former member of the Committee on Solar and Space Physics and of the NRC Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Applications.

LAURIE LESHIN is the Dee and John Whiteman Dean’s Distinguished Professor of Geological Sciences and director of the Center for Meteorite Studies at Arizona State University. She is a cosmochemist whose research focuses on understanding the formation and evolution of Earth’s solar system and its planets. She studies the water content of meteorites in an effort to understand the occurrence of water on Earth and how water on Mars could affect the possibility of life there. She was a member of the 2004 President’s Commission on Implementation of United States Space Exploration Policy.

SUZANNE OPARIL is a professor of medicine, physiology, and biophysics and director of the Vascular Biology and Hypertension Program in the Division of Cardiovascular Disease at the University of Alabama at Birmingham. She is an active investigator in the laboratory, as well as in the clinical setting, and directs a large basic and clinical research group in vascular biology and hypertension. She is a member of the Institute of Medicine and is a current member of the SSB. She has served as president of the American Federation of Clinical Research and the American Heart Association.

GEORGE A. PAULIKAS retired after 37 years at The Aerospace Corporation, having joined Aerospace in 1961 as a member of the technical staff and later becoming department head, laboratory director, vice president, senior vice president, and executive vice president. He has been at the forefront of advances in space science and space systems, making many technical contributions to the development of national security space systems. He is a current member of the SSB and serves as its vice-chair.

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