The questions in the food security module specify that any behavior or condition must be due to a lack of economic or other resources to obtain food. The scale, therefore, is not affected by insecurity and hunger due to voluntary dieting or fasting or being too busy to eat or other reasons, as mentioned earlier. The panel recognizes that there are other important sources of deprivation not entirely driven by economic resources, such as the quality of food intake or nutrition, or lack of access to acceptable food options. Quality is important, but beyond the scope of this report. Moreover, measurement of such an expanded

  1. (If yes to Question 9) How often did this happen—almost every month, some months but not every month, or in only 1 or 2 months?

(Questions 11-18 are asked only if the household included children age 0-18)

  1. “We relied on only a few kinds of low-cost food to feed our children because we were running out of money to buy food.” Was that often, sometimes, or never true for you in the last 12 months?

  2. “We couldn’t feed our children a balanced meal, because we couldn’t afford that.” Was that often, sometimes, or never true for you in the last 12 months?

  3. “The children were not eating enough because we just couldn’t afford enough food.” Was that often, sometimes, or never true for you in the last 12 months?

  4. In the last 12 months, did you ever cut the size of any of the children’s meals because there wasn’t enough money for food? (Yes/No)

  5. In the last 12 months, were the children ever hungry but you just couldn’t afford more food? (Yes/No)

  6. In the last 12 months, did any of the children ever skip a meal because there wasn’t enough money for food? (Yes/No)

  7. (If yes to Question 16) How often did this happen—almost every month, some months but not every month, or in only 1 or 2 months?

  8. In the last 12 months did any of the children ever not eat for a whole day because there wasn’t enough money for food? (Yes/No)

SOURCE: Nord, Andrews, and Carlson (2004)



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