Interim Recommendation 1: Because the problem of hunger is important and should be measured, the USDA should refine its definition and measurement of hunger and how, and if, it relates to the concept of food insecurity.
Interim Recommendation 2: In presenting the data in the annual food security reports, USDA should prominently report frequencies of the individual items that make up the scale.
Interim Recommendation 3: Given that the concept of food insecurity is multifaceted, the USDA should consider which specific facets should be measured.
Interim Recommendation 4: USDA should explore the use of alternative or additional surveys to estimate the national prevalence of food insecurity. In the meantime, USDA should continue to measure food insecurity as currently conducted using the Food Security Supplement of the CPS.