demiology Research Unit of the Ontario Cancer Treatment and Research Foundation at the University of Toronto. In 1999, he completed a sabbatical year as Visiting Scientist with the World Health Organization’s European Centre for Environment and Health in Rome, Italy. Dr. Soskolne spearheaded efforts to bring the question of professional ethics into focus for epidemiologists world wide. He was the first to call for ethics guidelines for epidemiologists in his paper in the Journal of Public Health Policy in 1985, and has jointly published ethics guidelines for environmental epidemiologists. He is a fellow and an elected officer in the American College of Epidemiology. Dr. Soskolne’s research interests include professional ethics in epidemiology, the health effects of occupational exposure to acid mists, and ecological disintegrity in relation to human health and well-being. Dr. Soskolne received his Ph.D. in epidemiology from the University of Pennsylvania. He won the Society for Epidemiologic Research annual student prize in 1983 for his Ph.D. thesis.

Elaine Vaughan, Ph.D., is Associate Professor of Psychology in the Department of Psychology and Social Behavior at the University of California, Irvine. She currently is involved in a longitudinal field experiment assessing the effects of participatory decision strategies for high-priority waste sites on social conflict and community response to risk. Her research interests include public understanding and use of scientific risk information, the interplay among cultural values/beliefs and emotional or cognitive response to risk, socioeconomic context of exposure and response to environmental risk, risk communication, risk perceptions of culturally diverse populations, and measurement and statistical issues that arise when studying psychosocial phenomena across diverse populations. Recently, she has published articles on risk communication and individual and community response to bioterrorism. Dr. Vaughan has served on the NRC Panel on Public Participation in Environmental Assessment and Decision Making, the IOM Committee on Strategies to Protect the Health of Deployed U.S. Forces, and the NRC Committee on Risk Characterization. Dr. Vaughan received her Ph.D. in social psychology from Stanford University.

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