Final Comments on the Science Plan for the North Pacific Research Board

Committee on a Science Plan for the North Pacific Research Board

Ocean Studies Board

Polar Research Board

NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS
Washington, D.C.
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Final Comments on the Science Plan for the North Pacific Research Board Final Comments on the Science Plan for the North Pacific Research Board Committee on a Science Plan for the North Pacific Research Board Ocean Studies Board Polar Research Board NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS Washington, D.C. www.nap.edu

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Final Comments on the Science Plan for the North Pacific Research Board THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS 500 Fifth Street, N.W. Washington, DC 20001 NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the committee responsible for the report were chosen for their special competences and with regard for appropriate balance. This study was supported by a contract between the National Academy of Sciences and the North Pacific Research Board. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the organizations or agencies that provided support for the project. International Standard Book Number 0-309-09602-2 Copies of this report are available from the program office: Ocean Studies Board 500 Fifth Street, N.W. Washington, DC 20001 (202) 334-2714 Additional copies of this report are available from the National Academies Press, 500 Fifth Street, N.W., Lockbox 285, Washington, DC 20055; (800) 624-6242 or (202) 334-3313 (in the Washington metropolitan area); Internet, http://www.nap.edu Copyright 2005 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. Printed in the United States of America

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Final Comments on the Science Plan for the North Pacific Research Board THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES Advisers to the Nation on Science, Engineering, and Medicine The National Academy of Sciences is a private, nonprofit, self-perpetuating society of distinguished scholars engaged in scientific and engineering research, dedicated to the furtherance of science and technology and to their use for the general welfare. Upon the authority of the charter granted to it by the Congress in 1863, the Academy has a mandate that requires it to advise the federal government on scientific and technical matters. Dr. Bruce M. Alberts is president of the National Academy of Sciences. The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964, under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences, as a parallel organization of outstanding engineers. It is autonomous in its administration and in the selection of its members, sharing with the National Academy of Sciences the responsibility for advising the federal government. The National Academy of Engineering also sponsors engineering programs aimed at meeting national needs, encourages education and research, and recognizes the superior achievements of engineers. Dr. Wm. A. Wulf is president of the National Academy of Engineering. The Institute of Medicine was established in 1970 by the National Academy of Sciences to secure the services of eminent members of appropriate professions in the examination of policy matters pertaining to the health of the public. The Institute acts under the responsibility given to the National Academy of Sciences by its congressional charter to be an adviser to the federal government and, upon its own initiative, to identify issues of medical care, research, and education. Dr. Harvey V. Fineberg is president of the Institute of Medicine. The National Research Council was organized by the National Academy of Sciences in 1916 to associate the broad community of science and technology with the Academy’s purposes of furthering knowledge and advising the federal government. Functioning in accordance with general policies determined by the Academy, the Council has become the principal operating agency of both the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering in providing services to the government, the public, and the scientific and engineering communities. The Council is administered jointly by both Academies and the Institute of Medicine. Dr. Bruce M. Alberts and Dr. Wm. A. Wulf are chair and vice chair, respectively, of the National Research Council www.national-academies.org

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Final Comments on the Science Plan for the North Pacific Research Board COMMITTEE ON A SCIENCE PLAN FOR THE NORTH PACIFIC RESEARCH BOARD LYNDA SHAPIRO (Chair), University of Oregon, Charleston KEVIN ARRIGO, Stanford University, California DON BOWEN, Bedford Institute of Oceanography, Nova Scotia, Canada ROGNVALDUR HANNESSON, Norges Handelshoyskole, The Norwegian School of Economics and Business, Norway STEVEN HARE, International Pacific Halibut Commission, Seattle, Washington DAVID KARL, University of Hawaii, Honolulu BRENDA KONAR, University of Alaska, Fairbanks ROBIE MACDONALD, Institute of Ocean Sciences, British Columbia, Canada WIESLAW MASLOWSKI, Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, California JULIAN MCCREARY, University of Hawaii, Honolulu CALEB PUNGOWIYI, Robert Aqqaluk Newlin, Sr. Memorial Trust, Kotzebue, Alaska VLADIMIR RADCHENKO, Sakhalin Research Institute of Fisheries and Oceanography, Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk, Russia Staff CHRIS ELFRING, Director, Polar Research Board SHELDON DROBOT, Study Director, Polar Research Board SARAH CAPOTE, Senior Program Assistant, Ocean Studies Board

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Final Comments on the Science Plan for the North Pacific Research Board OCEAN STUDIES BOARD NANCY RABALAIS (Chair), Louisiana Universities Marine Consortium, Chauvin LEE G. ANDERSON, University of Delaware, Newark WHITLOW AU, University of Hawaii, Manoa ARTHUR BAGGEROER, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge RICHARD B. DERISO, Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission, La Jolla, California ROBERT B. DITTON, Texas A&M University, College Station EARL DOYLE, Shell Oil (retired), Sugar Land, Texas ROBERT DUCE, Texas A&M University, College Station PAUL G. GAFFNEY, II, Monmouth University, Long Branch, New Jersey WAYNE R. GEYER, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, Massachusetts STANLEY R. HART, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, Massachusetts RALPH S. LEWIS, Connecticut Geological Survey (retired), Hartford WILLIAM F. MARCUSON III, US Army Corp of Engineers (retired), Vicksburg, Mississippi JULIAN MCCREARY JR, University of Hawaii, Honolulu JACQUELINE MICHEL, Research Planning, Inc., Columbia, South Carolina JOAN OLTMAN-SHAY, Northwest Research Associates, Inc., Bellevue, Washington ROBERT T. PAINE, University of Washington, Seattle SHIRLEY A. POMPONI, Harbor Branch Oceanographic Institution, Fort Pierce, Florida FRED N. SPIESS, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, California DANIEL SUMAN, Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science, University of Miami, Florida Staff SUSAN ROBERTS, Director DAN WALKER, Scholar JENNIFER MERRILL, Senior Program Officer CHRISTINE BLACKBURN, Program Officer ALAN B. SIELEN, Visiting Scholar ANDREAS SOHRE, Financial Associate SHIREL SMITH, Administrative Coordinator JODI BACHIM, Research Associate NANCY CAPUTO, Research Associate SARAH CAPOTE, Senior Program Assistant PHIL LONG, Program Assistant

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Final Comments on the Science Plan for the North Pacific Research Board POLAR RESEARCH BOARD ROBIN BELL (Chair), Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, Palisades, New York MARY ALBERT, Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory, Hanover, New Hampshire AKHIL DATTA-GUPTA, Texas A&M University, College Station GEORGE DENTON, University of Maine, Orono RICHARD GLENN, Arctic Slope Regional Corporation, Barrow, Alaska JACQUELINE GREBMEIER, University of Tennessee, Knoxville HENRY P. HUNTINGTON, Huntington Consulting, Eagle River, Alaska DAVID KARL, University of Hawaii, Honolulu MAHLON C. KENNICUTT II, Texas A&M University, College Station (ex officio) AMANDA LYNCH, University of Colorado, Boulder W. BERRY LYONS, Byrd Polar Research Center, Columbus, Ohio ROBIE MACDONALD, Fisheries and Oceans, Canada, Institute of Ocean Sciences, British Columbia MILES MCPHEE, McPhee Research Company, Naches, Washington CAROLE L. SEYFRIT, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, Virginia JOHN WALSH, University of Alaska, Fairbanks PATRICK WEBBER, Michigan State University, East Lansing (ex officio) TERRY WILSON, Ohio State University, Columbus (ex officio) WARREN ZAPOL, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston Staff CHRIS ELFRING, Director PAUL CUTLER, Senior Program Officer SHELDON DROBOT, Program Officer1 ANDREAS SOHRE, Financial Associate DIANE GUSTAFSON, Administrative Coordinator RACHAEL SHIFLETT, Senior Program Assistant 1   Until November, 2004.

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Final Comments on the Science Plan for the North Pacific Research Board Acknowledgments This report has been reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise, in accordance with procedures approved by the National Research Council’s Report Review Committee. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the institution in making its published report as sound as possible and to ensure that the report meets institutional standards for objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the study charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the deliberative process. We wish to thank the following individuals for their review of this report: PATTY BROWN-SCHWALENBERG, Chugach Regional Resources Commission, Anchorage, Alaska SUSAN HILLS, University of Alaska, Fairbanks SETH MACINKO, University of Rhode Island, Kingston PETER MCROY, University of Alaska, Fairbanks BRENDA NORCROSS, University of Alaska, Fairbanks JAMES OVERLAND, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Seattle Although the reviewers listed above have provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they were not asked to endorse the conclusions or recommendations nor did they see the final draft of the report before its release. The review of this report was overseen by Donald Siniff, University of Minnesota. Appointed by the National Research Council, he was responsible for making certain that an independent examination of this report was carried out in accordance with institutional procedures and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content of this report rests entirely with the authoring committee and the institution.

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Final Comments on the Science Plan for the North Pacific Research Board Contents     Introduction to the North Pacific Research Board and the Purpose of this Report   1     General Committee Comments on the NPRB Draft Science Plan   3     Comments on NPRB Draft Science Plan – Chapter 1   6     Comments on NPRB Draft Science Plan – Chapter 2   8     Comments on NPRB Draft Science Plan – Chapter 3   9     Comments on NPRB Draft Science Plan – Chapter 4   12     Comments on NPRB Draft Science Plan – Chapter 5   14     References   16     APPENDIXES         A   Committee on a Science Plan for the North Pacific Research Board Statement of Task   19     B   Elements of a Science Plan for the North Pacific Research Board: Interim Report Executive Summary   20     C   Committee and Staff Biographies   30

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