writing process. He holds a master’s degree in journalism from the University of California at Berkeley and a bachelor’s degree in English literature from the University of Colorado.


Kenneth McIntosh is Professor of pediatrics at Harvard Medical School, as well as Professor of immunology and infectious diseases at the Harvard School of Public Health. Dr. McIntosh, who works in the Division of Infectious Disease at Children’s Hospital in Boston, MA, has coauthored studies on the safety and immunologic response to the standard and attenuated smallpox vaccines. His current interest is in the pathogenesis of HIV disease in children and the treatment of HIV infected infants and children. Dr. McIntosh received his medical degree from Harvard University and is certified by the American Board of Internal Medicine. He is currently Vice Chair of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases’ HIV Vaccine and Prevention Data and Safety Monitoring Board and served on the Institute of Medicine’s Vaccine Safety Committee.


Elizabeth Murane recently retired from being Director of nurses for the Shasta County Public Health Department in Redding, CA. As Director, she was responsible for immunization, tuberculosis, infectious diseases, and maternal, child, and adolescent health programs. Previously, she was a public health nurse for Shasta County Public Health Department and an evening charge nurse for the Shasta Convalescent Hospital. She is a licensed registered nurse in California, as well as being certified in California as a public health nurse. Ms. Murane received her nursing degree from Case Western Reserve University and her master’s degree in nursing education, specializing in maternal child health, at Columbia University’s Teachers’ College.


Peter Rosen is a Professor Emeritus of clinical medicine and surgery and former Director of education in the department of emergency medicine at the University of California, San Diego. He currently also serves as Senior Lecturer in Medicine at the Harvard University School of Medicine and attending emergency physician at the Beth Israel/Deaconess Medical Center, and as Visiting Professor of Emergency Medicine at the University of Arizona School of Medicine. He is editor-in-chief of the Journal of Emergency Medicine and a consulting editor to Emergindex Microindex. Dr. Rosen received his medical degree from Washington University Medical School. He is a fellow in the American College of Surgeons, a senior board member and consultant with the American Board of Emergency Medicine, and a member of the Institute of Medicine. He served on the National Research Council’s Committee on Science and Technology for Counter Terrorism: Biological Panel. He also chaired the Institute of Medicine’s



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