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  • Control population growth.

  • Prevent decline of rural and tribal economies.

Water scarcity in the future will mainly be due to unplanned usage and not water shortage. It is not too late to consider the actual facts and figures of Iran’s water resources carefully and restructure agricultural drought management. Drought can serve as a catalyst for positive change—a move toward new and more sustainable approaches to managing water. Above-average rainfalls in one or two years should not deceive us into forgetting drought and water scarcity problems. We should think of the future generations.


Bird, J. and P. Wallace. 2001. Dams and development-An insight to the report of the world commission on dams. ICID, J. Irrigation and Drainage 50(1): 53-64.

Dealing with drought. 2002. available at

Perry, C. 2001. World commission on dams: Implications for food and irrigation. ICID, J. Irrigation and Drainage 50(2): 101-107.

Postel, S. 1999. Pillar of Sands. London: Norton and Company.

Proceedings of First National Conference on Drought Mitigation and Water Shortage, Feb. 27-28, 2001, Jahad Daneshgahi, Shahid Bahonar University, Kerman, Iran.

Proceedings of First National Conference on Water Crisis Mitigation Strategies, March 9-10, 2002, University of Zabul, Zabul, Iran.

Seckler, D., U. Amarasinghe, D. Molden, R. de Silva, and R. Barker. 1999. World water demand and supply, 1990 to 2025: Scenarios and Issues. International Water Management Institute (IWMI).

Water scarcity variations within a country. 2000. A case study of Sri Lanka, available at

Wilson, E. 1999. One third of world’s population 2.7 billion people will experience severe water scarcity by 2025, says new study.

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