multipollutant legislation that would establish a flexible, market-based program to significantly reduce and cap emissions of sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, and mercury from electric power generators and increase exports of environmentally friendly, market-ready U.S. technologies that generate a clean environment and increase energy efficiency (NEPDG, 2001, p. xiv).

The National Energy Policy Development Group also recommended the establishment of a national priority for improving energy efficiency. The priority would be to decrease the energy intensity of the U.S. economy as measured by the amount of energy required for each dollar of economic productivity. According to the report, this increased energy efficiency should be pursued through the combined efforts of industry, consumers, and federal, state, and local governments (NEPDG, 2001).

Strategic Plan of the Department of Energy

The overarching mission of the Department of Energy is to advance the national, economic, and energy security of the United States; to promote scientific and technological innovation in support of that mission; and to ensure the environmental cleanup of the national nuclear weapons complex (DOE, 2003a). The DOE has four strategic goals: to protect national security by applying advanced science and nuclear technology to the nation’s defense; to protect national and economic security by promoting a diverse supply and delivery of reliable, affordable, and environmentally sound energy; to protect national and economic security by providing world-class scientific research capacity and advancing scientific knowledge; and to protect the environment by providing responsible resolution to the environmental legacy of the Cold War and by providing for the permanent disposal of the nation’s high-level radioactive waste.

A general goal of the DOE is to improve energy security by developing technologies that foster a diverse supply of reliable, affordable, and environmentally sound energy by providing for the reliable delivery of energy, guarding against energy emergencies, exploring advanced technologies that make a fundamental improvement in the mix of energy options, and improving energy efficiency. One strategy for achieving this goal is to partner with the private sector, states and communities, national laboratories, colleges and universities, nongovernmental organizations, foreign allies, the U.S. Congress, and other federal agencies in order to develop and bring to market technologies that advance energy efficiency.

Another general goal of the DOE is to provide world-class scientific research capacity needed to ensure the success of DOE missions in national and energy security; advance the frontiers of knowledge in physical sciences and areas of biological, medical, environmental, and computational sciences; and provide world-class research facilities for the U.S. science enterprise. The DOE promotes the transfer of the results of its basic research to a broad set of technologies, such as for advanced materials, national defense, medicine, space science and exploration, and industrial processes.

Strategic Plan of the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy

DOE Secretary Spencer Abraham challenged the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy to revolutionize the way in which it approaches energy efficiency and renewable energy technologies, while pursuing the recommendations of the National Energy Policy. To meet this challenge, EERE officials indicate that the EERE intends to leapfrog the status quo and pursue dramatic energy and environmental benefits.

The mission of the EERE is to strengthen U.S. energy security, environmental quality, and economic vitality in public-private partnerships that enhance energy efficiency and productivity; bring clean, reliable, and affordable energy technologies to the marketplace; and make a difference in the everyday lives of Americans by enhancing their energy choices and quality of life.

The EERE has nine strategic goals: (1) dramatically reduce, or even end, dependence on foreign oil; (2) reduce the burden of energy prices on the disadvantaged; (3) increase the viability and deployment of renewable energy technologies; (4) increase the reliability and efficiency of electricity generation, delivery, and use; (5) increase the energy efficiency of buildings and appliances; (6) increase the energy efficiency

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