Findings from case studies and statistical analyses could help the SBA not only refine a regular series of disparity ratios and contribute to analyses of various types of discrimination as possible explanations for observed disparities, but also refine its assistance and mentoring programs for small businesses and help contracting agencies improve their support for small business bidders and potential bidders.

These types of analysis can thereby contribute to improvements in the contracting process that are valuable to taxpayers as well as to all businesses. A contracting process that discriminates against women-owned small businesses may discriminate against any business. Moreover, a contracting process that discriminates against certain bidders prevents the government from contracting at the lowest price and obtaining the best product because better qualified or lower priced firms are passed over in order to award contracts to the preferred firms. An examination of contracting with women-owned small businesses may thus improve fairness and efficiency for all.

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