FIGURE 7-1 Transition and career stages addressed by recommendations in the report. While biomedical career pathways are still quite complicated, the report helps to move researchers from postdoctoral positions to that of independent investigator.

The recommendations are bold, but realistic and practical. Their successful implementation relies not only upon the actions of the NIH, but also on the participation of all stakeholders in biomedical and academic research. Working together, the stakeholders can meet their responsibility to provide a bridge to independence by helping to foster the independence of new investigators in biomedical research.



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