Klotz, Emily. (2000). Postdocs Are Not All Created Equal—Postdoc Status, Part 1. Science’s Next Wave, 10 November. <http://nextwave.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/2000/11/08/12>


Laas, Molly. (2005). NIBIB Council Eyes Young Investigator Grant Application Assistance. Washington Fax, February 1.

Levin, Sharon G., and Paula E. Stephan. (1999). Are the Foreign Born a Source of Strength for U.S. Science? Science 285(5431, 20 August): 1213–1214.

Liu, Mandy, and William T. Mallon. (2004). Tenure in Transition: Trends in Basic Science Faculty Appointment Policies at U.S. Medical Schools. Academic Medicine 79(3, March): 205–213.

Lucille P. Markey Charitable Trust. (1996). Final Report, 1983–1996.


Malik, Karl F., and Georgine Pion. (2003). Reorganization of Peer Review for the Neurosciences at the Center for Scientific Review (CSR): A Retrospective Evaluation. July 3. <http://www.csr.nih.gov/EVENTS/Neuroscience_Evaluation_7_03_03.pdf>

Marincola, Elizabeth, and Frank Solomon. (1998a). The career structure in biomedical research: Implications for training and trainees; The American Society for Cell Biology Survey on the State of the Profession. Molecular Biology of the Cell. 9(November): 3003–3006.

Marincola, Elizabeth, and Frank Solomon. (1998b). Training for today’s marketplace. Science 281(5377, 31 July): 645.

Mervis, Jeffrey. (2004a). Risky business. Science 306(5694, 8 October): 220–221.

Mervis, Jeffrey. (2004b). New NIH Training Grants Open to Foreign Students. Science 304(5673, 14 May): 942.


National Institutes of Health (NIH). (1997). Report of the NIH Working Group on New Investigators, June 4, 1997. <http://www.nigms.nih.gov/news/reports/newinves.html>

National Institutes of Health (NIH). (2001). NIH Statement in Response to the NAS Report: Addressing the Nation’s Changing Needs for Biomedical and Behavioral Scientists. Notice NOT-OD-01-027, released March 22, 2001. <http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/notice-files/NOT-OD-01-027.html>

National Postdoctoral Association (NPA). (2003). Policy Recommendations to the National Institutes of Health. <http://www.nationalpostdoc.org/white_paper>

National Research Council. (1994). The Funding of Young Investigators in the Biological and Biomedical Sciences. Committee on the Funding of Young Investigators in the Biological and Biomedical Sciences. Washington, DC: National Academy Press. <http://www.nap.edu/catalog/4746.html>

National Research Council. (1998). Trends in the Early Careers of Life Scientists. Committee on Dimensions, Causes, and Implications of Recent Trends in Careers of Life Scientists. Washington, DC: National Academy Press. <http://www.nap.edu/catalog/6244.html>

National Research Council. (2000). Addressing the Nation’s Changing Needs for Biomedical and Behavioral Scientists. Committee on National Needs for Biomedical and Behavioral Scientists. Washington, DC: National Academy Press. <http://www.nap.edu/catalog/9827.html>

National Research Council. (2003). Assessing Research-Doctorate Programs: A Methodology Study. Committee to Examine the Methodology for the Assessment of Research-Doctorate Programs (Jeremiah P. Ostriker and Charlotte V. Kuh, eds.). Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. <http://www.nap.edu/catalog/10859.html>

National Research Council. (2005). Advancing the Nation’s Health Needs: NIH Research Training Programs. Committee for Monitoring the Nation’s Changing Needs for Biomedical, Behavioral, and Clinical Personnel. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. <http://www.nap.edu/catalog/11275.html>



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement