FIGURE 2-10 Cohort analysis of U.S.-earned biomedical PhDs employed at academic institutions. (a) 3-4 year cohort refers to individuals who had earned their PhDs 3-4 years prior to the survey (i.e., 1989-90 PhDs in the 1993 survey and 1997-98 for the 2001 survey). (b) 5-6 year cohort refers to individuals who had earned their PhDs 5-6 years prior to the survey (i.e., 1987-88 PhDs in the 1993 survey and 1995-96 for the 2001 survey). Source: Survey of Doctorate Recipients, National Science Foundation.

onstrate an explosion of those in “other academic” positions (33 percent in 2001 vs. 19 percent in 1993).

The 1997 ASCB survey provides related evidence on the number of positions applied for after postdoctoral study: pre-1970 PhD recipients report applying for a mean of four to five permanent positions before



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