B
ACRONYMS


AANS/CNS

American Association of Neurological Surgeons and the Congress of Neurological Surgeons

ADL

activities of daily living

ALS

amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

ALSFRS

Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Functional Rating Scale

AMP

adenosine monophosphate

APS

American Paraplegia Society

ASIA

American Spinal Injury Association


BBB scale

Basso, Beattie, and Bresnahan scale

BDNF

brain-derived neurotrophic factor

BMS

Basso mouse scale


CART

Collaborations to Accelerate Research Translation

CDC

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

CIRB

Central Institutional Review Board (National Cancer Institute)

CNS

central nervous system

CORE

Center of Research Excellence

COX2

cyclooxygenase 2

CPG

central pattern generator

CRASH

Corticosteroid Randomization After Significant Head Injury

CRISP

Computer Retrieval of Information on Scientific Projects

CRPF

Christopher Reeve Paralysis Foundation



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OCR for page 249
Spinal Cord Injury: Progress, Promise, and Priorities B ACRONYMS AANS/CNS American Association of Neurological Surgeons and the Congress of Neurological Surgeons ADL activities of daily living ALS amyotrophic lateral sclerosis ALSFRS Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Functional Rating Scale AMP adenosine monophosphate APS American Paraplegia Society ASIA American Spinal Injury Association BBB scale Basso, Beattie, and Bresnahan scale BDNF brain-derived neurotrophic factor BMS Basso mouse scale CART Collaborations to Accelerate Research Translation CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CIRB Central Institutional Review Board (National Cancer Institute) CNS central nervous system CORE Center of Research Excellence COX2 cyclooxygenase 2 CPG central pattern generator CRASH Corticosteroid Randomization After Significant Head Injury CRISP Computer Retrieval of Information on Scientific Projects CRPF Christopher Reeve Paralysis Foundation

OCR for page 249
Spinal Cord Injury: Progress, Promise, and Priorities CSPG chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan CT (or CAT) computed tomography (or computer-assisted tomography) DNA deoxyribonucleic acid DVT deep vein thrombosis EDRN Early Detection Research Network EMG electromyogram EMS emergency medical services FAM functional assessment measure FDA Food and Drug Administration FES functional electrical stimulation FGF fibroblast growth factor FIM functional independence measure fMRI functional magnetic resonance imaging FMS functional magnetic stimulation FOR-SCI Facilities of Research Excellence in Spinal Cord Injury FY fiscal year GABA γ-aminobutyric acid GDNF glial cell-derived neurotrophic factor HIV-AIDS human immunodeficiency virus-acquired immunodeficiency syndrome HL7 Health Level Seven ICCP International Campaign for Cures of Spinal Cord Injury Paralysis ICIDH International Classification of Impairment, Disabilities, and Handicaps ICMIC In Vivo Cellular and Molecular Imaging Centers ICORD International Collaboration on Repair Discoveries IDEA Innovative, Developmental, or Exploratory Activities IND investigational new drug IOM Institute of Medicine IRB institutional review board ISRT International Spinal Research Trust MASCIS Multicenter Animal Spinal Cord Injury Study MR magnetic resonance MRI magnetic resonance imaging mRNA messenger ribonucleic acid

OCR for page 249
Spinal Cord Injury: Progress, Promise, and Priorities MS multiple sclerosis NARCOMS North American Research Consortium on Multiple Sclerosis NASCIS National Acute Spinal Cord Injury Study NCI National Cancer Institute NCMRR National Center for Medical Rehabilitation Research NGF nerve growth factor NIDRR National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research NIH National Institutes of Health NINDS National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke NMDA N-methyl-D-asparate NSAID nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug NSCISC National Spinal Cord Injury Statistical Center NT-3 neurotrophic factor-3 NYSTAR New York State Office of Science, Technology, and Academic Research OEC olfactory ensheathing cell OSU Ohio State University PET positron emission tomography PKC protein kinase C PVA Paralyzed Veterans of America RH SCI Rick Hansen Spinal Cord Injury Network RNA ribonucleic acid ROCK Rho-associated kinase SAIRP Small Animal Imaging Resources Program SEER Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results SF Short Form SSTI State Science & Technology Institute TRH thyrotropin-releasing hormone UPDRS Unified Parkinson’s Disease Rating Scale VA U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs