Quality of life

 

NAGI Classification

 

Disability is a function of the interaction of the individual with his or her social and physical environments

 

Is affected by individual and environmental factors

 

Was presented in 1991 by IOM

 

Activities of Daily Living (ADL)

 

Measures basic tasks of everyday living

 

Is used as a predictor of admission to nursing homes and hospitals

 

Lots of variation, depending on which items are measured and how a disabling condition is classified

 

SF-12, SF-36, and SF-54

 

Measure changes in quality of life, mental health, pain, and social function

 

Reflect the individual’s perceptions and preferences about physical, emotional, and social well-being

 

Hard to detect changes in quality of life over time

 

Questions about walking can be construed as offensive to individuals with SCI

 

Assessment of Life Habits Scale

 

Assesses social participation

 

Relates accomplishments of daily habits from personal factors and environmental factors

 

Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS)

 

Consists of five items that are completed by the patient

 

Can assess life satisfaction in a particular domain of life (e.g., work or family) or globally

 

Is based on the individual’s emotions

 

International Classification of Impairment, Disabilities, and Handicaps (ICIDH)

 

Was designed by the World Health Organization to classify the consequences of disease and their implications on the patient’s life

 

Defines impairment, disabilities, and handicaps

 

ICIDH-2 incorporates disability as a dynamic process and holds that environmental factors can influence the impairment

 

Craig Handicap Assessment and Reporting Technique (CHART)

 

Is based on the World Health Organization model of handicap dimensions

 

Uses 27 questions and a 5-point scale to look at physical independence, economic self-sufficiency, social integration, mobility, and occupational functioning

 

Needs Assessment Checklist (NAC)

 

Is used as a rehabilitation outcome measure designed specifically for spinal cord injury population

 

Uses a 4-point scale

 

Consists of 199 behavioral indicators that assess patient achievement in nine categories required for maintenance of health and quality of living

 

Is not subject to floor or ceiling effects



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