Awareness Questionnaire (AQ)


Was developed as a measure of impaired self-awareness after traumatic brain injury


Consists of three forms to be filled out by the patient, the patient’s family, and a clinician familiar with the patient


Assesses the ability of the patient to perform tasks before and after the injury using a 5-point scale ranging from “much worse” to “much better”


Community Integration Questionnaire (CIQ)


Provides a measure of community integration after a traumatic brain injury


Consists of 15 items relating to home integration, social integration, and productive activities


Craig Hospital Inventory of Environmental Factors (CHIEF)


Is designed to assess the environmental factors and understand which elements of the environment impede or facilitate the lives of people with disabling conditions


Respondents use a 5-point scale to quantify the barriers experienced within five domains of environmental factors (policies, physical and structural, work and school, attitudes and support, services and assistance)


Disability Rating Scale (DRS)


Is intended to measure general functional changes over the course of recovery


Assesses arousability, awareness, and responsiveness; cognitive ability for self-care activities; dependence on others; and psychosocial adaptability


Is relatively insensitive at the low end of the scale


Inability to reflect more subtle but sometimes significant changes


Family Needs Questionnaire (FNQ)


Provides information about family members’ unique needs after a family member has a traumatic brain injury


Contains 40 items representing diverse needs that may arise during acute rehabilitation, soon after discharge, and in the long term


Indicates the importance of each perceived need and then rates the degree to which the need has been met


Service Obstacles Scale (SOS)


Evaluates a patient’s and/or caregiver’s perceptions of brain injury services in the community with regard to quality and accessibility


Uses a 7-point Likert-type scale ranging from strongly disagree to strongly agree to assess (1) satisfaction with treatment resources, (2) finances as an obstacle to receiving services, and (3) transportation as an obstacle to receiving services

aNational Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke Translating Spinal Cord Injuries workshop, February 3-4, 2003.

NOTE: Abbreviations: MEPs = motor evoked potential; SSEP = somatosensory evoked potential; MRI = magnetic resonance imaging; CT = computed tomography; PET = positron emission tomography; IOM = Institute of Medicine.

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