solved outside the courts and with worldwide effect, it seems likely that conflicting court decisions in different jurisdictions, worldwide, will establish the potentially conflicting rules by which navigation services will have to abide.


The preservation of a stable, reliable, and effective Domain Name System will remain crucial both to effective Internet navigation and to the operation of the Internet and most of the applications that it supports.

Despite the differences in the way in which they developed, the relationship between the DNS technical system and Internet navigation aids and services is strong and fundamental—the DNS has served as the stable core on which the incremental evolution of the different navigation aids and services has depended. The development of navigation services is likely to continue to relieve some of the commercial pressures on the DNS as users become increasingly comfortable with using them as their primary means to navigate the Internet, but both the Domain Name System and Internet navigation aids and services will be significant elements of the Internet for the foreseeable future.

The demonstrated success of the DNS and navigation aids and services in meeting the basic needs of all Internet users should not be jeopardized by efforts to constrain or direct their evolution outside the open architecture of the Internet, or to use them to enable control of the free flow of information across the Internet.

The governance and administration of the DNS should not become a vehicle for addressing political, legal, or economic issues beyond those of the DNS itself.

The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement