years of industry experience, primarily master planning, hydraulic modeling, and regional water quality studies to large IT integration projects. He has written over 100 technical papers and co-authored two books on water distribution systems analysis. He has also served on technical review committees for several municipal drinking water projects throughout the United States and is currently a Consultant to the EPA Science Advisory Board Drinking Water Committee (Stage 2 Disinfection/Disinfectant Byproduct Rule and Long-Term 2 Enhanced Water Treatment Rule). Dr. Boulos received his B.S., M.S., and Ph.D. in civil engineering from the University of Kentucky and his MBA from the Harvard Business School.

Gary A. Burlingame is the administrative scientist of the Philadelphia Water Department’s organic chemistry and aquatic biology laboratories at the Bureau of Laboratory Services, where since 1983 he has been involved in a wide range of operational and distribution system activities. He oversees monitoring of drinking water, source water, wastewater, sediment, sludge, and related media for disinfection byproducts, natural organic matter, PCBs, emerging chemicals, VOCs and SOCs, algae, coliform bacteria, and Giardia and Cryptosporidium. Best known for his contributions to taste and odor control of drinking water and odor control at wastewater treatment plants, his current research addresses the issues of watershed monitoring and distribution system quality control. He has participated in the review of the Total Coliform Rule that is currently under development and in the expert workshop on Exposure Assessment of Contamination of Distribution Systems. He is the current chair of The Unsolicited Proposal Review Committee for AWWA Research Foundation. Mr. Burlingame received his B.S. and M.S. degrees in environmental science from Drexel University.

Anne K. Camper is a professor of civil engineering, adjunct associate professor of microbiology, and faculty member of the Center for Biofilm Engineering at Montana State University. She is also Associate Dean for Research and Graduate Studies in the College of Engineering. Her primary research interests are in biofilm formation in low nutrient environments, including microbial physiology and ecology, as well as the persistence of pathogenic bacteria in biofilms. Application areas are biological treatment of drinking water and microbial regrowth in drinking water distribution systems. She recently participated in the EPA workshop on Exposure Assessment of Pathogens and Toxic Chemicals in Drinking Water Distribution Systems, the outcomes of which are to be coupled with revisions to the Total Coliform Rule. She is presently on the editorial boards of both Microbial Ecology and Biofilms. Dr. Camper received her B.S. and M.S. in microbiology and her Ph.D. in civil and environmental engineering, all from Montana State University.

Robert M. Clark is an environmental and engineering and public health consultant. He is a consultant to Shaw Environmental and Infrastructure (SE&I) working on homeland security issues and to the University of Cincinnati working on risk assessment methodology for water system vulnerability. He spent over 40 years in government, first for the U.S. Public Health Service Commissioned Corps, and then for EPA where he directed the Water Supply and Water Resources Division for 14 years. Among other things, his research interests have focused on modeling water quality in drinking water distribution systems, including understanding the many factors that can cause the quality of dis-

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