A
INFORMATION-GATHERING SESSIONS

The committee organized several meetings and tours to obtain information about the safety and security of spent fuel storage. A list of these meetings and tours is provided below. The committee held several data-gathering sessions not open to the public to obtain classified and safeguards information about the safety and security of spent fuel storage. The committee also held several data-gathering sessions open to the public to receive unclassified briefings from industry, independent analysts, and other interested parties including members of the public. The written materials (e.g., PowerPoint presentations and written statements) obtained by the committee at these open sessions are posted on the web site for this project: http://dels.nas.edu/sfs.

A.1 FIRST MEETING, FEBRUARY 12–13, 2004, WASHINGTON, D.C.

The objective of this meeting was to obtain background information on the study request from staff of the House Committee on Appropriations, Energy and Water Development Subcommittee. The committee also was briefed by one of the sponsors of the study and by two independent experts. The following is the list of topics and speakers for the open session:

  • Background on the congressional request for this study. Speaker Kevin Cook, Professional Staff, House Committee on Appropriations, Energy and Water Development Subcommittee.

  • Reducing the hazard from stored spent power-reactor fuel in the United States. Speakers: Frank von Hippel, Princeton University, and Klaus Janberg, independent consultant, co-authors of the paper entitled “Reducing the Hazard from Stored Spent Power-Reactor Fuel in the United States” (Alvarez et al., 2003).

  • Nuclear power plants and their fuel as terrorist targets. Speaker: Ted Rockwell, MPR Associates, Inc., co-author of the paper entitled “Nuclear Power Plants and Their Fuel as Terrorist Targets” (Chapin et al., 2002).

  • Nuclear Regulatory Commission analyses of spent fuel safety and security. Speaker: Farouk Eltawila, director, Division of Systems Analysis and Regulatory Effectiveness, Office of Research, Nuclear Regulatory Commission.

On the second day of the meeting, the committee held a data-gathering session not open to the public to obtain classified briefings from the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission about its ongoing analyses of spent fuel storage security.

A.2 SECOND MEETING, MARCH 4–6, 2004, ARGONNE, ILLINOIS

During the second meeting, the committee held a data-gathering session not open to the public to receive classified briefings on spent fuel storage security from the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission. The committee also toured the Dresden and Braidwood Nuclear



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About this PDF file: This new digital representation of the original work has been recomposed from XML files created from the original paper book, not from the original typesetting files. Page breaks are true to the original; line lengths, word breaks, heading styles, and other typesetting-specific formatting, however, cannot be retained, and some typographic errors may have been accidentally inserted. Please use the 83 A A INFORMATION-GATHERING SESSIONS The committee organized several meetings and tours to obtain information about the safety and security of spent fuel storage. A list of these meetings and tours is provided below. The committee held several data-gathering sessions not open to the public to obtain classified and safeguards information about the safety and security of spent fuel storage. The committee also held several data-gathering sessions open to the public to receive unclassified briefings from industry, independent analysts, and other interested parties including members of the public. The written materials (e.g., PowerPoint presentations and written statements) obtained by the committee at these open sessions are posted on the web site for this project: http://dels.nas.edu/sfs. A.1 FIRST MEETING, FEBRUARY 12–13, 2004, WASHINGTON, D.C. The objective of this meeting was to obtain background information on the study request from staff of the House Committee on Appropriations, Energy and Water Development Subcommittee. The committee also was briefed by one of the sponsors of the study and by two independent experts. The following is the list of topics and speakers for the open session: • Background on the congressional request for this study. Speaker Kevin Cook, Professional Staff, House Committee on Appropriations, Energy and Water Development Subcommittee. • Reducing the hazard from stored spent power-reactor fuel in the United States. Speakers: Frank von Hippel, Princeton University, and Klaus Janberg, independent consultant, co-authors of the paper entitled “Reducing the Hazard from Stored Spent Power-Reactor Fuel in the United States” (Alvarez et al., 2003). • Nuclear power plants and their fuel as terrorist targets. Speaker: Ted Rockwell, MPR Associates, Inc., co- author of the paper entitled “Nuclear Power Plants and Their Fuel as Terrorist Targets” (Chapin et al., 2002). • Nuclear Regulatory Commission analyses of spent fuel safety and security. Speaker: Farouk Eltawila, director, Division of Systems Analysis and Regulatory Effectiveness, Office of Research, Nuclear Regulatory Commission. On the second day of the meeting, the committee held a data-gathering session not open to the public to obtain classified briefings from the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission about its ongoing analyses of spent fuel storage print version of this publication as the authoritative version for attribution. security. A.2 SECOND MEETING, MARCH 4–6, 2004, ARGONNE, ILLINOIS During the second meeting, the committee held a data-gathering session not open to the public to receive classified briefings on spent fuel storage security from the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission. The committee also toured the Dresden and Braidwood Nuclear

OCR for page 83
About this PDF file: This new digital representation of the original work has been recomposed from XML files created from the original paper book, not from the original typesetting files. Page breaks are true to the original; line lengths, word breaks, heading styles, and other typesetting-specific formatting, however, cannot be retained, and some typographic errors may have been accidentally inserted. Please use the 84 A Generating Stations to see first-hand how spent fuel is managed and stored. The two plants were chosen because of the differences in their spent fuel storage facilities. A.3 THIRD MEETING, APRIL 15–17, 2004, ALBUQUERQUE, NEW MEXICO During the third meeting, the committee held a data-gathering session not open to the public to receive a briefing from EPRI on spent fuel storage vulnerabilities. The committee also held a data-gathering session open to the public to receive briefings on dry cask storage systems and radioactive releases from damaged spent fuel storage casks. • Speakers on dry cask storage systems: William McConaghy (GNB-GNSI); Steven Sisley (BNFL); Alan Hanson (Transnuclear Inc.); Charles Pennington (NAC international); and Brian Gutherman (Hoitec International, via telephone). • Radionuclide releases from damaged spent fuel. Speaker: Robert Luna, Sandia National Laboratories (retired). A.4 TOUR OF SELECTED SPENT FUEL STORAGE INSTALLATIONS IN GERMANY On April 25–28, 2004, a group of committee members traveled to Germany to meet with German officials and to visit selected spent fuel storage installations. The agenda of the tour was as follows: • Meeting with Michael Sailer, chairman of the German reactors safety commission (RSK, Reaktorsicherheitskommission). • Visit to the dry cask manufacturer GNB (Gesellschaft für Nuklear-Behälter mbH) headquarters in Essen and the cask assembly facility and test museum in Mülheim. • Tour of the Ahaus intermediate dry storage facility. • Meeting with Florentin Lange, GRS (Gesellschaft für Anlagen- und Reaktorsicheheit mbH), co-author of the study entitled “Safety Margins of Transport and Storage Casks for Spent Fuel Assemblies and HAW Canisters Under Extreme Accident Loads and Effects from External Events” (Lange et al., 2002), • Tour of the Lingen nuclear power plant and its spent fuel storage facilities. A summary of information gathered during the tour is provided in Appendix C. A.5 FOURTH MEETING, MAY 10–12, 2004, WASHINGTON, D.C. During the fourth meeting, the committee held a data-gathering session not open to the public to hold in-depth technical discussions with Sandia National Laboratories staff and contractors on their spent fuel storage vulnerability analyses. The committee also received an intelligence briefing from Department of Homeland Security staff on print version of this publication as the authoritative version for attribution. terrorist capabilities and from the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission staff on terrorist scenarios. The meeting also included a data-gathering session open to the public that included the following briefings:

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About this PDF file: This new digital representation of the original work has been recomposed from XML files created from the original paper book, not from the original typesetting files. Page breaks are true to the original; line lengths, word breaks, heading styles, and other typesetting-specific formatting, however, cannot be retained, and some typographic errors may have been accidentally inserted. Please use the 85 A • Summary of the field trip to Germany. Speaker: Louis Lanzerotti (committee chair). • Vulnerabilities of spent nuclear fuel pools to terrorist attacks: issues with the design basis threat. Speaker: Peter Stockton, Project on Government Oversight. • Consequences of a major release of 137 Cs into the atmosphere. Speaker: Jan Beyea, Consulting in the Public Interest. A.6 FIFTH MEETING, MAY 26–28, 2004, WASHINGTON, D.C. The objective of this closed meeting (i.e., open only to committee members and staff) was to finalize the classified report for National Research Council review. A.7 TOURS OF SELECTED SPENT FUEL STORAGE FACILITIES AT U.S. NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS On June 11 and June 14, 2004, respectively, committee subgroups visited the Palo Verde Nuclear Generating Station in Arizona and the Indian Point Nuclear Generating Station in New York. A.8 SIXTH MEETING, JUNE 28–29, 2004 The objective of this closed meeting was to complete work on the classified report. A.9 SEVENTH MEETING, AUGUST 12–13, 2004 The objective of this closed meeting was to develop a public version of the committee's report. The committee also held a data-gathering session not open to the public to receive a briefing from the Department of Homeland Security on steps being taken to address the findings and recommendations in the classified report. A.10 EIGHTH MEETING, OCTOBER 28–29, 2004 The objective of this closed meeting was to continue work to develop a public version of the committee's report. The committee also held a data-gathering session not open to the public to receive a briefing from the Nuclear Regulatory Commission on steps being taken to address the findings and recommendations in the classified report. A.11 NINTH MEETING, NOVEMBER 29–30, 2004 The objective of this closed meeting was to continue work to develop a public version of the committee's report. print version of this publication as the authoritative version for attribution.

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About this PDF file: This new digital representation of the original work has been recomposed from XML files created from the original paper book, not from the original typesetting files. Page breaks are true to the original; line lengths, word breaks, heading styles, and other typesetting-specific formatting, however, cannot be retained, and some typographic errors may have been accidentally inserted. Please use the 86 A A. 12 TENTH MEETING, JANUARY 24–25, 2005 The objective of this closed meeting was to continue work to develop a public version of the committee's report. The committee also held a data-gathering session not open to the public to meet with three commissioners from the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (Chairman Nils Diaz and members Edward McGaffigan and Jeffrey Merrifield) to discuss what additional information the commission might be willing to make available to the committee on human-factors-related issues. REFERENCES Alvarez, R., J.Beyea, K.Janberg, J.Kang, E.Lyman, A.Macfarlane, G.Thompson, and F. N.von Hippel. 2003a. Reducing the Hazards from Stored Spent Power-Reactor Fuel in the United States. Science and Global Security, Vol. 11, pp. 1–51 Chapin, D.M., K.P.Cohen, W.K.Davis, E.E.Kintner, L.J.Koch, J.W.Landis, M. Levenson, I.H.Mandil, Z.T.Pate, T.Rockwell, A.Schriesheim, J.W.Simpson, A. Squire, C.Starr, H.E.Stone, J.J.Taylor, N.E.Todreas, B.Wolfe, and E.L. Zebroski. 2002. Nuclear Power Plants and Their Fuel as Terrorist Targets, Science, Vol. 297, pp. 1997–1999. Lange, F., H.J.Fett, E.Hormann, E.Schrodl, G.Schwarz, B.Draste, H.Volzke, G.Wieser, and L.Qiao. 2002. Safety Margins of Transport and Storage Casks for Spent Fuel Assemblies and HAW Canisters under Extreme Accident Loads and Effects from External Events. Report within framework of Project SR 2415. April. Gesellschaft für Anlagen- und Reaktorsicherheit (GRS) mbH, Koln; Bundesanstalt für Materialforschung und -prüfung (BAM), Berlin, Germany. print version of this publication as the authoritative version for attribution.