Appendix C
Biographical Sketches of Committee Members

2000 to 2004

John P. Holdren (NAS, NAE), Chair, is Teresa and John Heinz Professor of Environmental Policy and Director of the Program in Science, Technology and Public Policy, John F. Kennedy School of Government, and Professor of Environmental Science and Public Policy in the Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences at Harvard University. He was a member of President Clinton's Committee of Advisors on Science and Technology.

John D. Steinbruner, Vice Chair for Studies, is Director of the Center for International and Security Studies at the University of Maryland and former Director of the Foreign Policy Studies Program of the Brookings Institution. He has held faculty positions at Yale, Harvard, and MIT and was a member of the Defense Policy Board.

Catherine McArdle Kelleher, Vice Chair for Dialogues, is a Senior Research Professor at the U.S. Naval War College and former editor of the Naval War College Review. She also served as Director of the Aspen Institute Berlin, U.S. Deputy Assistant of Defense for Russia, Ukraine, and Eurasia, and Personal Representative of the Secretary of Defense in Europe.

William F. Burns, Major General (USA, retired), Study Co-Chair, is former Director of the U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency and former Commandant of the U.S. Army War College. He served as ambassador to the Safe, Secure Dismantlement (SSD) negotiations regarding the denuclearization of the former Soviet Union.

George Lee Butler, General (USAF, retired) is former Commander-in-Chief of the Strategic Command, where he actively promoted new assessments of U.S. nuclear policy and programs to adjust to the post-Cold War era. He also served as Director of Op-



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Monitoring Nuclear Weapons and Nuclear-Explosive Materials Appendix C Biographical Sketches of Committee Members 2000 to 2004 John P. Holdren (NAS, NAE), Chair, is Teresa and John Heinz Professor of Environmental Policy and Director of the Program in Science, Technology and Public Policy, John F. Kennedy School of Government, and Professor of Environmental Science and Public Policy in the Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences at Harvard University. He was a member of President Clinton's Committee of Advisors on Science and Technology. John D. Steinbruner, Vice Chair for Studies, is Director of the Center for International and Security Studies at the University of Maryland and former Director of the Foreign Policy Studies Program of the Brookings Institution. He has held faculty positions at Yale, Harvard, and MIT and was a member of the Defense Policy Board. Catherine McArdle Kelleher, Vice Chair for Dialogues, is a Senior Research Professor at the U.S. Naval War College and former editor of the Naval War College Review. She also served as Director of the Aspen Institute Berlin, U.S. Deputy Assistant of Defense for Russia, Ukraine, and Eurasia, and Personal Representative of the Secretary of Defense in Europe. William F. Burns, Major General (USA, retired), Study Co-Chair, is former Director of the U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency and former Commandant of the U.S. Army War College. He served as ambassador to the Safe, Secure Dismantlement (SSD) negotiations regarding the denuclearization of the former Soviet Union. George Lee Butler, General (USAF, retired) is former Commander-in-Chief of the Strategic Command, where he actively promoted new assessments of U.S. nuclear policy and programs to adjust to the post-Cold War era. He also served as Director of Op-

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Monitoring Nuclear Weapons and Nuclear-Explosive Materials erations, HQ and as Director for Strategic Plans and Policy. He was recently Director/President of the Second Chance Foundation. Christopher Chyba is Co-Director of Stanford's Center for International Security and Cooperation, and Associate Professor in the Department of Geological and Environmental Sciences. He served on the national security staff of the White House from 1993 to 1995. Stephen P. Cohen is a Senior Fellow in the Foreign Policy Studies program of the Brookings Institution. Prior to joining Brookings, he was a Professor of History and Political Science at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and Director of its Program in Arms Control, Disarmament, and International Security. Susan Eisenhower is President of the Eisenhower Institute. Formerly Chairman and co-founder of the Center for Political and Strategic Studies (CPSS), she joined the Institute as CEO when the two organizations combined programs. Steve Fetter, Study Co-Chair, is a Professor in the School of Public Affairs at the University of Maryland. A physicist, he was a special assistant to the Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Policy, and a Council on Foreign Relations fellow at the State Department. Alexander H. Flax (NAE) is President Emeritus of the Institute for Defense Analyses and former Home Secretary of the National Academy of Engineering. From 1964-69 he was Assistant Secretary for Research and Development of the Department of the Air Force. Richard L. Garwin (NAS, NAE, IOM) is IBM Fellow Emeritus of the Thomas J. Watson Research Center of the IBM Corporation. He served the President's Science Advisory Committee as both a consultant and a member and was chair of the State Department’s Arms Control and Nonproliferation Advisory Board and its predecessors from 1992 to 2001. Rose Gottemoeller is a Senior Associate at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, specializing in arms control, nonproliferation and nuclear security issues. From 1998 to 2000, she served in the Department of Energy as Assistant Secretary for

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Monitoring Nuclear Weapons and Nuclear-Explosive Materials Nonproliferation and National Security and then as Deputy Under-secretary for Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation. From 1993 to 1994 she was Director for Russia, Ukraine, and Eurasia Affairs on the National Security Council in the White House. Margaret A. Hamburg (IOM) is Senior Scientist, Nuclear Threat Initiative, Washington, D.C. Before taking on her current position, she was the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Prior to this, she served as the Commissioner of Health for the City of New York. Raymond Jeanloz (NAS) is Professor in Earth and Planetary Science at the University of California at Berkeley. His expertise is in the properties of materials at high pressures of temperatures and in the nature of planetary interiors. Spurgeon M. Keeny, Jr., Study Editor-in-Chief is a Senior Fellow at the National Academy of Sciences. He has held a number of high-ranking positions within the U.S. government. These included: Director of the office responsible for U.S. Air Force intelligence estimates on the Soviet nuclear weapons program (1948-1954); Technical Assistant to the President’s Science Advisor (1958-1969); senior member of the National Security Council staff responsible for arms control and nuclear programs and policy (1963-1969); and Deputy Director of the U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency (1969-1973). From 1985 to 2001 he was President and Executive Director of the Arms Control Association. Charles Larson, Admiral (USN, retired) was a nuclear submarine commander and commander of submarine forces, served two tours as Superintendent of the U.S. Naval Academy (1983–1986; 1994–1998), was commander of the U.S. Pacific Fleet (1990–91), and Commander in Chief of the unified U.S. Pacific Command (1991–94). He was involved in arms control and nuclear weapons policy issues as a Flag Officer (Admiral). He was recently a Senior Fellow at the Center for Naval Analyses. Joshua Lederberg (NAS, IOM) is Sackler Foundation Scholar, President Emeritus at The Rockefeller University in New York, and a Consulting Professor of the Institute for International Studies at Stanford University. Dr. Lederberg was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1958 for his pioneering work in the

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Monitoring Nuclear Weapons and Nuclear-Explosive Materials field of bacterial genetics with the discovery of genetic recombination in bacteria. Matthew Meselson (NAS, IOM) is Thomas Dudley Cabot Professor of the Natural Sciences at the Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology at Harvard University, and Co-Director of the Harvard Sussex Program on CBW Armament and Arms Limitation. He was a member of the State Department's Arms Control and Nonproliferation Advisory Board. Albert Narath (NAE) is the former President of the Sandia Corporation and Director of the Sandia National Laboratories. He is also the former President and Chief Operating Officer, Energy and Environment Sector, Lockheed Martin Corporation. He has held leadership positions on a number of advisory boards and committees for the U.S. Department of Energy and other federal agencies. Wolfgang K.H. Panofsky (NAS), Chair Emeritus of CISAC, is Professor and Director Emeritus at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center at Stanford University. His field is experimental high energy physics. He was a member of the President's Science Advisory Committee under Presidents Eisenhower and Kennedy and a member of the General Advisory Committee on Arms Control to the President under President Carter. C. Kumar N. Patel (NAS, NAE) is Chairman of Pranalytica, Inc. and a Professor of Physics and former Vice Chancellor for Research of the University of California at Los Angeles. He is a former Executive Director of the Research, Material Science, Engineering, and Academic Affairs Division of AT&T Bell Laboratories. Jonathan D. Pollack is Professor of Asian and Pacific Studies and former Chairman of the Strategic Research Department at the U.S. Naval War College, where he also directs the College's Asia-Pacific Studies Group. Prior to assuming his current responsibilities, he served as Senior Advisor for International Policy at the RAND Corporation.