• The modeling community needs to encourage, support, and pursue alternative computational approaches (e.g., multi-scale computing) and better computational methods.

  • More extensive and rigorous comparisons of models with observations and field experiments designed to support such comparisons are needed.

  • The cultural issues thought by the workshop participants to be limiting progress in model development might not be self-correcting; they could require the institutional adjustments that are occasionally but necessarily made as society and the atmospheric and oceanic sciences respond to changing conditions.

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