References

AMS (American Meteorological Society). 2000. Glossary of Meteorology. T. S. Glickman, ed., 2nd Edition. Boston: American Meteorological Society.


Boyle, J., D. Williamson, R. Cederwall, M. Fiorino, J. Hnilo, J. Olson, T. Phillips, G. Potter, and S. Xie. 2005. Diagnosis of CAM2 in NWP configuration. J. Geophys. Res. (in press)

Bretherton, C. S., R. Ferrari, and S. Legg. 2004. Climate Process Teams: A new approach to improving climate models. U.S. CLIVAR Variations, Vol. 2, No. 1, 1-6. Also available online at http://www.usclivar.org/Newsletter/Variations_V2N1.pdf. Accessed January 21, 2005.


Dawkins, R. 1990. The Selfish Gene. 2nd Edition. Oxford Univ. Press, Oxford, England.


ECMWF, 1999: ECMWF Ten-Year Plan, 1999-2009, A. Hollingsworth, ed. European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts, Shinfield Park, Reading, UK.


Giorgetta, M. A., E. Manzini, and E. Roeckner. 2002. Forcing of the quasi-biennial oscillation from a broad spectrum of atmospheric waves. Geophys. Res. Let. 29(8):86-1 to 86-4.


Jensen, E., D. Starr, and O. B. Toon. 2004. Mission investigates tropical cirrus clouds. EOS 85:45-50.


Manzini, E., and N. A. McFarlane. 1998. The effect of varying the source spectrum of a gravity wave parameterization in a middle atmosphere general circulation model. J. Geophy. Res. 103(D24):31523-31539.

May, P. T., C. Jakob, and J. H. Mather. 2004. Tropical Warm Pool International Cloud Experiment (TWP-ICE): Cloud and Rain Characteristics in the Australian Monsoon. U.S. Department of Energy, Washington, D.C. DOE/ ER/ARM-0401.



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Improving the Scientific Foundation for Atmosphere-Land-Ocean Simulations: Report of A Workshop References AMS (American Meteorological Society). 2000. Glossary of Meteorology. T. S. Glickman, ed., 2nd Edition. Boston: American Meteorological Society. Boyle, J., D. Williamson, R. Cederwall, M. Fiorino, J. Hnilo, J. Olson, T. Phillips, G. Potter, and S. Xie. 2005. Diagnosis of CAM2 in NWP configuration. J. Geophys. Res. (in press) Bretherton, C. S., R. Ferrari, and S. Legg. 2004. Climate Process Teams: A new approach to improving climate models. U.S. CLIVAR Variations, Vol. 2, No. 1, 1-6. Also available online at http://www.usclivar.org/Newsletter/Variations_V2N1.pdf. Accessed January 21, 2005. Dawkins, R. 1990. The Selfish Gene. 2nd Edition. Oxford Univ. Press, Oxford, England. ECMWF, 1999: ECMWF Ten-Year Plan, 1999-2009, A. Hollingsworth, ed. European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts, Shinfield Park, Reading, UK. Giorgetta, M. A., E. Manzini, and E. Roeckner. 2002. Forcing of the quasi-biennial oscillation from a broad spectrum of atmospheric waves. Geophys. Res. Let. 29(8):86-1 to 86-4. Jensen, E., D. Starr, and O. B. Toon. 2004. Mission investigates tropical cirrus clouds. EOS 85:45-50. Manzini, E., and N. A. McFarlane. 1998. The effect of varying the source spectrum of a gravity wave parameterization in a middle atmosphere general circulation model. J. Geophy. Res. 103(D24):31523-31539. May, P. T., C. Jakob, and J. H. Mather. 2004. Tropical Warm Pool International Cloud Experiment (TWP-ICE): Cloud and Rain Characteristics in the Australian Monsoon. U.S. Department of Energy, Washington, D.C. DOE/ ER/ARM-0401.

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Improving the Scientific Foundation for Atmosphere-Land-Ocean Simulations: Report of A Workshop Morcrette, J. 2002. Assessment of the ECMWF Model Cloudiness and Surface Radiation Fields at the ARM SGP Site. Mon. Wea. Rev. 130:257-277. Mylne, K. R., R. E. Evans, and R. T. Clark. 2002. Multi-model multi-analysis ensembles in quasi-operational medium-range forecasting. Quart. J. of Royal Meteorol. Soc. 128:361–384. NRC (National Research Council). 2003. Communicating Uncertainties in Weather and Climate Information. Washington, D.C.: The National Academies Press. Randall, D. A., J. Curry, P. G. Duynkerke, S. Krueger, B. Ryan, D. Starr, M. Miller, W. B. Rossow, and B. A. Wielicki. 2003. Confronting models with data: The GEWEX Cloud Systems Study. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc. 84:455-469. Scaife, A. A., N. Butchart, C. D. Warner, D. Stainforth, and W. Norton. 2000. Realistic quasi-biennial oscillations in a simulation of the global climate. Geophys. Res. Let. 27(21): 3481-3484. Scaife, A. A., N. Butchart, C. D. Warner, and R. Swinbank. 2002. Impact of a spectral gravity wave parameterization on the stratosphere in the Met Office Unified Model. J. Atmos. Sci. 59(9):1473-1489. Schopf, P., M. Gregg, R. Ferrari, D. Haidvogel, R. Hallberg, W. Large, J. Ledwell, J. Marshall, J. McWilliams, R. Schmitt, E. Skyllingstad, K. Speer, K. Winters. 2003. Coupled process and model studies of ocean mixing to improve climate models: A pilot Climate Process Modeling and Science Team. Special report to the U.S. CLIVAR Scientific Steering Committee. Available online at http://www.usclivar.org/CPT/Ocean_mixing_whitepaper.pdf or from the U.S. CLIVAR Project Office, 1717 Pennsylvania Ave., NW, Suite 250, Washington D.C. Stevens, B., D. H. Lenschow, G. Vali, H. Gerber, A. Bandy, B. Blomquist, J.-L. Brenguier, C. S. Bretherton, F. Burnet, T. Campos, S. Chai, I. Faloona, D. Friesen, S. Haimov, K. Laursen, D. K. Lilly, S. M. Loehrer, S. P. Malinowski, B. Morley, M. D. Petters, D. C. Rogers, L. Russell, V. Savic-Jovcic, J. R. Snider, D. Straub, M. J. Szumowski, H. Takagi, D. C. Thornton, M. Tschudi, C. Twohy, M. Wetzel, M. C. van Zanten. 2003. Dynamics and Chemistry of Marine Stratocumulus—DYCOMS-II. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc. 84:579-593. World Climate Research Program. 2001. Annual review of the World Climate Research Programme and report of the twenty-second session of the Joint Scientific Committee. WMO/TD No. 1096, World Meteorological Organization, Geneva, Switzerland. Also available online at http://www.wmo.ch/web/wcrp/documents/jsc22rpt.pdf. Accessed February 2, 2005. Williamson, J. Boyle, R. Cederwall, M. Fiorino, J. Hnilo, J. Olson, T. Phillips, G. Potter, and S.C. Xie. 2005. Moisture and temperature balances at the ARM Southern Great Plains Site in forecasts with the CAM2. J. Geophys. Res. (in press)