ECMWF

European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts

ENSO

El Niño-Southern Oscillation


GCM

General Circulation Model

GCSS

GEWEX Cloud Systems Study

GEWEX

Global Energy and Water Vapor Experiment

GFDL

Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory

GISS

NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies


IR

infrared

ITCZ

intertropical convergence zone


LES

large-eddy simulation


NASA

National Aeronautics and Space Administration

NCAR

National Center for Atmospheric Research

NOAA

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

NSF

National Science Foundation

NWP

numerical weather prediction


OBL

oceanic boundary layer

ONR

Office of Naval Research


PBL

planetary boundary layer


QBO

quasi-biennial oscillation


Re

Reynolds number

RICO

Rain in Cumulus over the Ocean Experiment


SOLAS

Surface Ocean Lower Atmosphere Study


TES

Tropospheric Emission Spectrometer

TKE

turbulent kinetic energy

TWP-ICE

ARM’s Tropical Warm Pool International Cloud Experiment



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