. "Appendix B Ruth L. Kirschstein National Research Service Award Training Grants and Fellowships." Advancing the Nation's Health Needs: NIH Research Training Programs. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press, 2005.
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Advancing the Nation’s Health Needs
National Research Service Award Individual Postdoctoral Fellowship (F32)
This fellowship is designed to provide individuals who have received a Ph.D., M.D., D.O., D.C., D.D.S., D.V.M., O.D., D.P.M., Sc.D., Eng.D., Dr. P.H., D.N.S., N.D., Pharm.D., D.S.W., Psy.D., or equivalent degree with postdoctoral training that broadens their scientific background and promises applicants the potential to become productive, independent investigators in fields related to the mission of the NIH constituent institutes and centers. Research is to be conducted at a sponsoring institution under the direction of an individual who will serve as a mentor and who will supervise the training and research experience. Individuals may receive up to three years of aggregate NRSA support at the postdoctoral level, including any combination of support from institutional training grants and individual fellowship awards.
National Research Service Award Senior Postdoctoral Fellowship (F33)
The NIH awards NRSA senior fellowships to experienced scientists who wish to make major changes in the direction of their research careers or broaden their scientific background by acquiring new research capabilities. These awards will enable individuals with at least seven years of research experience beyond the doctorate, and who have progressed to the stage of independent investigator, to take time from regular professional responsibilities for the purpose of receiving training to increase their scientific capabilities. In most cases this award is used to support sabbatical experiences for established independent scientists. This program is not designed for postdoctoral-level investigators seeking to prove their research potential prior to independence. Senior fellowship support may be requested for a period of up to two years. However, no individual may receive more than three years of aggregate NRSA support at the postdoctoral level, including any combination of support from institutional and individual awards.
Minority Access to Research Careers Faculty Fellowships (F34)
These fellowships are for advanced research training of selected faculty members at eligible institutions, in which student enrollments are drawn substantially from minority groups.
Intramural National Research Service Award Postdoctoral Fellowships (F35)
The purpose of these fellowships is to allow physicians, dentists, and veterinarians with limited research experience an opportunity to prepare for careers in biomedical or behavioral laboratory research through training on the NIH campus.
National Research Service Award Institutional Training Grants (T32)
The institutional research training grants provide support to training programs at institutions of higher education and are designed to allow the director of the program to select the trainees and develop a curriculum of study and research experiences necessary to provide high-quality research training. The grant offsets the cost of stipends and tuition support for the appointed trainees. The following types of training can be supported by this grant:
Predoctoral Training. Predoctoral research training leads to the Ph.D. degree or a comparable research doctoral degree. Students enrolled in health professional training programs who wish to postpone their professional studies in order to engage in full-time research training may also be appointed to an institutional research training grant. Predoctoral research training emphasizes fundamental training in areas of biomedical and behavioral sciences. Awards may not be used to support studies leading to the M.D., D.O., D.D.S., or a similar professional degree unless the trainee is enrolled in a combined-degree (e.g., M.D./Ph.D.) program. In addition, they may not be used to support residencies or other nonresearch clinical training.
Postdoctoral Training. Postdoctoral research training is for individuals who have received a Ph.D., D.V.M, D.D.S., M.D., or comparable doctoral degree from an accredited domestic or foreign institution. Research training at the postdoctoral level must emphasize specialized training to meet national research priorities in the biomedical, behavioral, or clinical sciences. Research training grants are a mechanism for the postdoctoral training of physicians and other health professionals who may have extensive clinical training but limited research experience. For such individuals the training may be a part of a research degree program. In all cases, postdoctoral trainees should agree to engage in at least two years of research, research training, or comparable activities beginning at the time of appointment. It has been shown that the duration of training is strongly correlated with retention in posttraining research activity.
Short-Term Research Training for Health Professional Students. Applications for institutional research training grants may include a request for short-term predoctoral positions reserved specifically to provide full-time, health-related research training experiences during the summer or other off-quarter periods. Such positions are limited to medical students, dental students, students in other health professional programs, and graduate students in the physical