Engineering and Department of Economics at the University of Calgary. Dr. Keith works near the interface between climate science, energy technology, and public policy. Much of his policy work is focused on the capture and storage of CO2; it includes the following: services as lead author and chair of a crosscutting group for the special report of the International Panel on Climate Change on CO2 storage; membership on NRC committees; overview articles in Science, Nature, and Scientific American; invited presentations for the National Academies, industry, academia, and major environmental organizations; and interviews on National Public Radio, CNN, and CBC TV and radio and in various print media. Dr. Keith’s broader climate- and energy-related research addresses the economics and climatic impacts of large-scale wind power, the use of hydrogen as a transportation fuel, and the technology and implications of geoengineering. Dr. Keith worked at the National Center for Atmospheric Research before joining Prof. James Anderson’s group at Harvard, where he served as lead scientist for a new Fourier-transform spectrometer with high radiometric accuracy that flies on the National Aeronautical and Space Administration’s ER-2 high-altitude aircraft. He has a B.Sc. in physics from the University of Toronto and a Ph.D. in experimental physics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Larry W. Lake (NAE) is a professional engineer in Texas and the W.A. “Monty” Moncrief Centennial Endowed Chair for the Department of Petroleum and Geosystems Engineering at the University of Texas-Austin, where he has served on the faculty since 1978. He has 5 years of industrial experience and has authored a book and more than 50 technical articles and reports. His research interests are in the areas of enhanced oil recovery, geochemical flow processes, and petrophysics, all of which involve numerical simulation in one form or another and flow through permeable media. In addition, Dr. Lake has been most involved in finding ways to quantitatively model geologically realistic reservoir properties—primarily permeability—with the goal of improving the ability to predict hydrocarbon recovery. This work has led to efforts that seek to merge sedimentary concepts with the discipline of geostatistics. Dr. Lake holds a Ph.D. in chemical engineering from Rice University and was elected to the National Academy of Engineering in 1997.

Michael E.Q. Pilson is professor emeritus of oceanography at the University of Rhode Island, where he was director of the Marine Ecosystems Research Laboratory for 20 years. His current research interests include the chemistry of seawater, the biochemistry and physiology of marine organisms, and nutrient cycling. He is a member of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, Sigma Xi, the American Geophysical Union, the American Society of Mammalogists, the American Society of Limnology and Oceanography, and the Oceanography Society. Dr. Pilson has published extensively, including one textbook (An Introduction to the Chemistry of the Sea). He received a B.Sc. in chemistry-biology from Bishop’s University in Canada, an M.Sc. in agricultural biochemistry from McGill University, Canada; and a Ph.D. in marine biology from the University of California, San Diego.

John J. Wise (NAE) is retired vice president of research, Mobil Research and Development Corporation. He has also been vice president, Research and Engineering Planning, manager of process and products R&D, manager of exploration and production R&D, director of the Mobil Solar Energy Corporation, and director of the Mobil Foundation. He was on the board of directors of the Industrial Research Institute and was active in the World Petroleum Conference. He was co-chair of the Auto/Oil Air Quality Improvement Research Program. Dr. Wise was co-chair of the NRC Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology. He has served on a number of NRC committees, among them the Committee on Transportation and a Sustainable Environment; the Committee on Science and Technology for Countering Terrorism; Panel on Energy Facilities, Cities, and Fixed Infrastructure; and the Committee on Effectiveness and Impact of Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) Standards. He served on the previous NRC Committee on Benefits of DOE R&D on Energy Efficiency and Fossil Energy. Dr. Wise has expertise in petroleum exploration and production; petroleum products, including the effects of fuels and engines on emissions; petroleum refining; synthetic fuels manufacture; and R&D management. He received a B.S. in chemical engineering from Tufts University and a Ph.D. in chemistry from MIT.

John M. Wootten is retired vice president for environment and technology, at Peabody Energy. He spent most of his professional career with Peabody Holding Company, Inc., the largest producer and marketer of coal in the United States. His positions at Peabody and its subsidiaries have included that of director of environmental services, director of research and technology, vice president for engineering and operations services, and president of Coal Services Corporation (COALSERV). His areas of expertise include the environmental and combustion aspects of coal utilization, clean coal technologies, and environmental control technologies for coal combustion. He has served on a number of NRC committees, including the Committee on R&D Opportunities for Advanced Fossil-Fueled Energy Complexes and the Committee to Review DOE’s Vision 21 R&D Program. He received a B.S. in mechanical engineering from the University of Missouri-Columbia and an M.S. in civil engineering (environmental and sanitary engineering curriculum) from the University of Missouri-Rolla.



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