Committee Biographical Information

Robert W. Fri (Chair) is a visiting scholar and senior fellow emeritus at Resources for the Future, where he served as president from 1986 to 1995. From 1996 to 2001 he served as director of the National Museum of Natural History at the Smithsonian Institution. Before joining the Smithsonian, Fri served in both the public and private sectors, specializing in energy and environmental issues. In 1971 he became the first deputy administrator of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. In 1975, President Ford appointed him as the deputy administrator of the Energy Research and Development Administration. He served as acting administrator of both agencies for extended periods. From 1978 to 1986, Fri headed his own company, Energy Transition Corporation. He began his career with McKinsey and Company, where he was elected a principal. Fri is a senior advisor to private, public, and nonprofit organizations. He is a director of the American Electric Power Company and of the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) and a trustee of Science Service, Inc. (publisher of Science News and organizer of the Intel Science Talent Search and International Science and Engineering Fair). He is a member of the National Petroleum Council and a member of the Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee at the Department of Energy (DOE). In past years, he has been a member of the President’s Commission on Environmental Quality, the Secretary of Energy’s Advisory Board, and the University of Chicago Board of Governors for Argonne National Laboratory. He has chaired advisory committees of the National Research Council (NRC); the Carnegie Commission on Science, Technology and Government; EPRI; and the Office of Technology Assessment. He served as chair of the NRC Committee on Benefits of DOE R&D on Energy Efficiency and Fossil Energy. From 1978 to 1995 he was a director of Transco Energy Company, where he served as chair of the audit, compensation, and chief executive search committees. He is a member of Phi Beta Kappa and Sigma Xi and a national associate of the National Academies. He received his B.A. in physics from Rice University and his M.B.A. (with distinction) from Harvard University.

Linda R. Cohen is professor of economics, Department of Economics, University of California, Irvine, and professor of social science and law, The Law School, University of Southern California, Los Angeles. She was previously chair, Department of Economics, University of California, Irvine, where she has taught in various capacities with increasing responsibility since 1987. Previously, Dr. Cohen was an economist associate at the Rand Corporation, a research associate for economics with the Brookings Institution, a senior economist with the California Institute of Technology’s Environmental Quality Laboratory, and an assistant professor of public policy at Harvard University’s Kennedy School of Government. She was the Olin Visiting Professor in Law and Economics at the University of Southern California Law School in 1993 and 1998, a fellow of the California Council for Science and Technology in 1998, and a research fellow at the Brookings Institution in 1977. Dr. Cohen has written many articles and coauthored a book on federal research and technology policy. She is currently a member of the editorial board of Public Choice and a member of the California Energy Commission’s Advisory Panel for the Public Interest Energy Research Program. She has served on a variety of panels and committees and was a member of the NRC Committee on Benefits of DOE’s R&D on Energy Efficiency and Fossil Energy. She has an A.B. degree in mathematics from the University of California at Berkeley and received her Ph.D. in social sciences from the California Institute of Technology.

James Corman is an independent consultant and founder of Energy Alternatives Systems, an engineering consulting company. He retired as general manager of the Advanced Technology Department of General Electric’s (GE’s) Power Generation Business, where he was responsible for develop-

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