BOX 6-1
Criteria for a WIC Food Package

  1. The package reduces the prevalence of inadequate and excessive nutrient intakes in participants.

  2. The package contributes to an overall dietary pattern that is consistent with the Dietary Guidelines for Americans for individuals 2 years of age and older.

  3. The package contributes to an overall diet that is consistent with established dietary recommendations for infants and children younger than 2 years of age, including encouragement of and support for breastfeeding.

  4. Foods in the package are available in forms suitable for low-income persons who may have limited transportation, storage, and cooking facilities

  5. Foods in the package are readily acceptable, widely available, and commonly consumed; take into account cultural food preferences; and provide incentives for families to participate in the WIC program.

  6. Foods will be proposed giving consideration to the impacts that changes in the package will have on vendors and WIC agencies.

in intakes that might occur as a result of the revised packages, and whether the prevalence of undesirable intakes would decrease, within the context of a risk assessment model (Appendix DEvaluating Potential Benefits and Risks).

Most of the priority nutrients changed in the desired direction in the revised food packages. Priority nutrients that were low in the diets increased for most of the packages, while those that were excessive generally decreased in the packages. Table 6-1 summarizes the direction of changes in the amounts of the priority nutrients in each of the packages. Quantitative estimates of each change are given in the nutrient analyses in Appendix BNutrient Profiles of Current and Revised Food Packages. Although the amount of energy content provided by the packages decreased for all but the youngest infants, the changes were minor (averaging approximately 80 kilocalories per day across the packages). The primary focus was on increasing the nutrient density of the packages, not on substantially decreasing their energy content.

Compared with the current food packages for children and women, the committee estimates that the revised packages provide greater amounts of nearly all of the nutrients of concern with regard to inadequate intake. The exceptions were potassium for children, calcium and vitamin D for pregnant and partially breastfeeding women, and vitamin C for pregnant and breastfeeding women. The amounts of calcium and vitamin C in most food

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