Analysis samples, 271

breast-fed infants 6-11 months old, 271

non-breastfed WIC infants under 1 year old, 271

non-breastfeeding women 14-44 years old, up to 1 year postpartum, 271

pregnant and lactating women 14-44 years old, 271

WIC children 1-4 years old, 271

Asian Americans, 32

Assessment of nutrient adequacy using the DRIs, 267–270

characteristics of the usual nutrient intake distributions, 268

proportion at risk of excessive intake levels, 269–270

proportion of subgroup with inadequate usual intake, 268–269

AT. See Alpha-tocopherol

ATE. See Alpha-tocopherol equivalents


Baby foods, in Food Package II, 7

Background, 19–45

committee’s task, 21

criteria for the redesign of the WIC food packages, 36–45

reasons to consider changes in the WIC food packages, 27–36

Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children, 22–27

Barriers to overcome, 43

Basic foods

candidates for addition to the packages, 82

including foods from each group, allowing some variety and choice, 12

selected substitutions and net cost changes resulting from substitutions, estimated costs of, 140–141

Benefits, 301–302

changes in food packages possibly having multiplier effects, 302

increasing choice possibly increasing consumption of WIC foods, 301

methods for evaluation of, 292–297

Black women, non-Hispanic, 32

BLS. See U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

Body mass index (BMI), 32n, 33

Body weight management, and consistency of the revised food packages with recommendations from the Dietary Guidelines for Americans, 153

Breast-fed infants 6-12 months old.

See also Fully breast-fed infants;

Partially breast-fed infants

analysis sample, 271

direction of changes in the level of priority nutrients in the revised food packages for, 147

nutrients of concern with regard to inadequate intake by, 252–253

priority nutrients for, 60

usual intake distributions of selected micro-nutrients and electrolytes, 94, 276

Breastfeeding, 69, 83.

See also Fully breastfeeding women

consistency of the revised food packages for infants and children under 2 years old with established dietary recommendations, 158

possibilities for incentivizing, 383

recommendations for promoting and supporting, 16, 174–175

studies on changes to promote, 168–169


Calcium, 12, 23, 30–31, 34, 56, 120

adequate intakes and mean reported usual intakes of, 50

health risks from intake of, and lead exposure, 62

increases in dietary oxalates interfering with absorption of, 302

low intake for many women, 49

Calculated costs of representative amounts of foods in revised packages, 125n, 129, 134, 342–349, 342n, 348n

children and women, 344–349

infants, 342–343

Calories, reducing, 13

Carbohydrates, and consistency of the revised food packages with recommendations from the Dietary Guidelines for Americans, 154

Cash-value vouchers, 104–105, 165

definitions of, 100

representations of, 100, 359

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