TABLE 3-2 Foods in the Current WIC Food Packages to Be Deleted or Reduced in the Revised Food Packagesa

Food

Change

Rationale

Infant formula

Reduce maximum amounts for partially breast-fed infants

The maximum amount provides approximately half the amount provided to fully formula-fed infants to encourage the mother to breastfeed enough to provide at least half of the infant’s nutritional needs and to make possible other improvements in the WIC food packages.

Infant formula

Reduce maximum amounts for fully formula-fed infants ages 6–11.9 mo of age

Since the food package for infants of this age provides greater amounts of nutrients through complementary foods, less formula is needed.

Juice

Delete juice for infants 4–11.9 mo of age; reduce amount of juice for children 1–4.9 y of age.

Meet AAP recommendations: delay introduction of juice for infants until after 6 mo of age; and allow no more than 4–6 fl oz/d for infants above the age of 6 mo (AAP, 2001a, 2005). For infants age 6–11.9 mo, fruit juice has no nutritional benefit over whole fruit (AAP, 2001a, 2004).

Milk

Decrease maximum amounts allowed for children and adults

Amounts provided need not exceed amounts recommended by Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2005 (DHHS/USDA, 2005).

Cheese

Reduce maximum amount allowed in women’s and children’s packages.

Meets recommendation from the Dietary Guidelines (DHHS/USDA, 2005) and recommendation from the IOM to reduce saturated fat and cholesterol intake (IOM, 2002/2005)

Eggs

Reduce maximum amount allowed

Protein is no longer a priority nutrient. Reduction in amount provided is consistent with Dietary Guidelines (DHHS/USDA, 2005) and with recommendation from the IOM to reduce cholesterol intake (IOM, 2002/2005).

aAlthough all foods in this table contribute to a healthy diet, it was essential to decrease the quantity of some foods to be able to make improvements in the WIC food packages that meet the committee’s six criteria while maintaining cost neutrality.

NOTES: AAP = American Academy of Pediatrics; IOM = Institute of Medicine.

  • Types of food packages—Keep the same seven packages but alter age ranges in some cases.

  • Basic foods—Propose a basic set of foods for each food package. Identify other foods as allowable substitutions.

  • Fruits and vegetables—Add fruits and vegetables to the food packages for older infants, children, and adults, and allow a variety of choices.



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