TABLE 4-1 Revised WIC Food Packages, Maximum Monthly Allowances for Infants [examples of amounts as commonly obtained shown in brackets]


Fully Formula-Fed (FF)

Foods/Package Number


I-FF-A: 0–3.9 mo

I-FF-B: 4–5.9 mo


6–11.9 mo

Infant formulac [example of commonly available form; reconstituted volume]

I-FF-A: 403 fl oz liquid concentrate [31 13-fl oz cans; 806 fl oz]d

312 fl oz liquid concentrate [24 13-fl oz cans; 624 fl oz]d


I-FF-B: 442 fl oz liquid concentrate [34 13-fl oz cans; 884 fl oz]d


Infant cereal


24 oz [3 8-oz boxes]

Baby food fruits and vegetables (e.g., strained)


128 oz [32 4-oz jars]

Baby food meat (e.g., pureed)



aTo promote the establishment of breastfeeding, the committee recommends that formula not be routinely provided in the first month to breast-fed infants; thus, no mother/infant pairs are classified as partially breastfeeding for the first month postpartum. See discussion in section Promoting and Supporting Breastfeeding and recommendations for studies in Chapter 7Recommendations for Implementation and Evaluation.

bThe committee recommends that infants with special dietary needs receive Food Package III. This means the package would provide the medical foods required by WIC participants of any age if they have special dietary needs. Persons receiving Food Package III also would receive the foods allowed for other participants in the same life stage if those foods were medically and developmentally appropriate for them.

cIn most cases, the maximum monthly allowance of infant formula is stated as fl oz of liquid concentrate. Powdered or ready-to-feed formula may be provided as alternative forms at rates that provide the approximate number of fl oz of formula (see note d for additional detail).

dThe maximum allowance for infant formula is converted to a practical option using current can sizes commonly obtained, as shown in brackets. For further practical options, see Table B-6Substitution Rates for Various Volumes of Formula Concentrate (Appendix B). Because of differences in container sizes and yields, the maximum amount of formula provided depends on whether the mother obtains powdered, liquid concentrate, or ready-to-feed formula. When determining the maximum number of cans of each type of formula, the committee recommends rounding to whole cans to approximate the target amount (the maximum monthly allowance shown here in Table 4-1). The results of this method may differ from the rounding currently in use; some rounding methods (e.g., rounding up to whole cans) could result in providing excess formula in some cases. Note that the substitution rate of 8 lb of powdered formula for 403 fl oz of formula concentrate no longer applies; that substitution rate could result in providing excess formula in some cases.

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