fe = equivalent yield coupled energy

fgs = equivalent ground-shock-coupled energy

ds = the scaled depth of burst (m/kt1/3), positive into ground.

These relationships are based on numerical calculations as the only source of energy-coupling data.



Defense Nuclear Agency. 1991. Effects Manual Number 1, Chapter 3, “Cratering, Ejecta, and Ground Shock,” DNA-EM-1-CH-3, Alexandria, Va., December.

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