C
Acronyms


ADEC

Alaska Department of Environmental Conservation

ADIOS

Automatic Data Inquiry for Oil Spills

ALC

Arabian light crude

ANS

Alaska North Slope

API

American Petroleum Institute

ASTM

American Society for Testing and Materials


BAF

bioaccumulation factors

BIOS

Baffin Island Oil Spill

BSC

Bass Strait crude oil

BTEX

benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylenes


CCD

charge-coupled device

CEWAF

chemically enhanced water accommodated fractions

CMC

critical micelle concentration

CROSERF

Chemical Response to Oil Spills Environmental Research Forum

cP

centipoise

cSt

centistokes


DFO

Department of Fisheries and Oceans, Canada

DOC

U.S. Department of Commerce

DOI

U.S. Department of the Interior

DOR

dispersant-to-oil ratio



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OCR for page 349
Oil Spill Dispersants: Efficacy and Effects C Acronyms ADEC Alaska Department of Environmental Conservation ADIOS Automatic Data Inquiry for Oil Spills ALC Arabian light crude ANS Alaska North Slope API American Petroleum Institute ASTM American Society for Testing and Materials BAF bioaccumulation factors BIOS Baffin Island Oil Spill BSC Bass Strait crude oil BTEX benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylenes CCD charge-coupled device CEWAF chemically enhanced water accommodated fractions CMC critical micelle concentration CROSERF Chemical Response to Oil Spills Environmental Research Forum cP centipoise cSt centistokes DFO Department of Fisheries and Oceans, Canada DOC U.S. Department of Commerce DOI U.S. Department of the Interior DOR dispersant-to-oil ratio

OCR for page 349
Oil Spill Dispersants: Efficacy and Effects EPA Environmental Protection Agency ERA Ecological Risk Assessment EVOS Exxon Valdez oil spill FDA fluorescein diacetate FOSC Federal On-Scene Coordinator GC gas chromatography GC-FID gas chromatography-flame ionization detector GC-MS gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy GNOME GNU Network Object Model Environment HLB hydrophilic-lipophilic balance IFO 300 Intermediate Fuel Oil 300 IMMSP Institute of Mathematical Machines and Systems Problems IR infrared LURSOT Laser Ultrasonic Remote Sensing of Oil Thickness MAH mono-aromatic hydrocarbon MMS Minerals Management Service MNS Mackay-Nadeau-Steelman NCP National Contingency Plan NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NOEC no observed effect concentration NRC National Research Council NRDAM Natural Resource Damage Assessment Model NRT National Response Team OHMSETT Oil and Hazardous Materials Simulated Environmental Test Tank OPA 90 Oil Pollution Act of 1990 OWR oil-to-water ratio PAH polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons PANH polynuclear aromatic nitrogen heterocycle PBCO Prudhoe Bay crude oil PIV particle image velocimetry PWSRCAC Prince William Sound Regional Citizens’ Advisory Council

OCR for page 349
Oil Spill Dispersants: Efficacy and Effects ROSS River Oil Spill Simulation RRT Regional Response Team SERF Shoreline Environmental Research Facility SETAC Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry SIMAP Spill Impact Model Application Package SLAR side-looking airborne radar SMART Specialized Monitoring of Advanced Response Technologies SOP Standard Operating Procedure SOR surfactant-to-oil ratio SPC simplified pseudo-component SPM suspended particulate material TBP true boiling point TEM total extractable material THC total hydrocarbon concentration TI Toxicity Index TOC total organic carbon TPH total petroleum hydrocarbons TROPICS Tropical Oil Pollution Investigations in Coastal Systems T/V Tanker/Vessel UCM unobserved component model USCG U.S. Coast Guard USGS U.S. Geological Survey UV ultraviolet VCO Venezuelan medium crude oil VOC volatile organic compound WAF water-accommodated fraction WPMB Water Planning and Management Branch WSF water-soluble fraction WSL Warren Springs Laboratory

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