be taken. It is difficult to envision the proper role of field testing in a research area where investigators have yet to reach consensus on standard protocols for wave-tank testing. The greater complexities (and costs) of carrying out meaningful field experiments suggest that greater effort be placed, at least initially, on designing and implementing a thorough and well-coordinated bench-scale and wave-tank research program. Such work should lead to more robust information about many aspects of dispersed oil behavior and effects. When coupled with information gleaned through more vigorous monitoring of actual spills (regardless of whether dispersants are used effectively in response), this experimental work should provide far greater understanding than is currently available. Upon completion of the work recommended in this report, the value of further field-scale experiments may become obvious. If deemed valuable, such field-scale work would certainly be better and more effectively designed and executed than is currently possible. Future field-scale work, if deemed necessary, should be based on the systematic and coordinated bench-scale and wave-tank testing recommended in this report. (Detailed and specific recommendations are discussed in Chapters 3, 4 and 5.)

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