Infectious diseases are a continuing concern. They offer opportunities for a wide range of genetic modifications and could be deployed in many different ways but were not a primary focus of this report. However, the current emphasis on weapons of mass destruction has led to the development of sophisticated sensors that, when activated, trigger responses that can be costly in time and can limit troop responses. A release of materials that trigger sensors, but are not threats, is one way of decreasing battle readiness in U.S. troops.
The area of application of biotechnology to military purposes is currently wide-ranging. It will expand very rapidly over the next decade.
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