ARE CHEMICAL JOURNALS TOO EXPENSIVE AND INACCESSIBLE?

A WORKSHOP SUMMARY TO THE CHEMICAL SCIENCES ROUNDTABLE

Ned D. Heindel, Tina M. Masciangioli, and Eva von Schaper, Editors

Chemical Sciences Roundtable

Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology

Division on Earth and Life Studies

NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS
Washington D.C.
www.nap.edu



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement



Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.

OCR for page R1
Are Chemical Journals too Expensive and Inaccessible? A Workshop Summary to the Chemical Sciences Roundtable ARE CHEMICAL JOURNALS TOO EXPENSIVE AND INACCESSIBLE? A WORKSHOP SUMMARY TO THE CHEMICAL SCIENCES ROUNDTABLE Ned D. Heindel, Tina M. Masciangioli, and Eva von Schaper, Editors Chemical Sciences Roundtable Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology Division on Earth and Life Studies NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS Washington D.C. www.nap.edu

OCR for page R1
Are Chemical Journals too Expensive and Inaccessible? A Workshop Summary to the Chemical Sciences Roundtable THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS 500 Fifth Street, N.W. Washington, DC 20001 NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the organizing committee responsible for the workshop summary were chosen for their special competences and with regard for appropriate balance. This study was supported by Research Corporation under Grant GG0066, the U.S. Department of Energy under Grant DE-AT01-04ER15535, the National Institutes of Health under Grant N01-OD-4-2139 (Task Order 25), and the National Science Foundation under Grant CHE-0328197. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the organizations or agencies that provided support for the project. International Standard Book Number 0-309-09590-5 Additional copies of this report are available from the National Academies Press, 500 Fifth Street, N.W. Lockbox 285, Washington, DC 20055; (800) 624-6242 or (202) 334-3313 (in the Washington metropolitan area); Internet, http://www.nap.edu Copyright 2005 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. Printed in the United States of America

OCR for page R1
Are Chemical Journals too Expensive and Inaccessible? A Workshop Summary to the Chemical Sciences Roundtable THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES Advisers to the Nation on Science, Engineering, and Medicine The National Academy of Sciences is a private, nonprofit, self-perpetuating society of distinguished scholars engaged in scientific and engineering research, dedicated to the furtherance of science and technology and to their use for the general welfare. Upon the authority of the charter granted to it by the Congress in 1863, the Academy has a mandate that requires it to advise the federal government on scientific and technical matters. Dr. Bruce M. Alberts is president of the National Academy of Sciences. The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964, under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences, as a parallel organization of outstanding engineers. It is autonomous in its administration and in the selection of its members, sharing with the National Academy of Sciences the responsibility for advising the federal government. The National Academy of Engineering also sponsors engineering programs aimed at meeting national needs, encourages education and research, and recognizes the superior achievements of engineers. Dr. Wm. A. Wulf is president of the National Academy of Engineering. The Institute of Medicine was established in 1970 by the National Academy of Sciences to secure the services of eminent members of appropriate professions in the examination of policy matters pertaining to the health of the public. The Institute acts under the responsibility given to the National Academy of Sciences by its congressional charter to be an adviser to the federal government and, upon its own initiative, to identify issues of medical care, research, and education. Dr. Harvey V. Fineberg is president of the Institute of Medicine. The National Research Council was organized by the National Academy of Sciences in 1916 to associate the broad community of science and technology with the Academy’s purposes of furthering knowledge and advising the federal government. Functioning in accordance with general policies determined by the Academy, the Council has become the principal operating agency of both the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering in providing services to the government, the public, and the scientific and engineering communities. The Council is administered jointly by both Academies and the Institute of Medicine. Dr. Bruce M. Alberts and Dr. Wm. A. Wulf are chair and vice chair, respectively, of the National Research Council. www.national-academies.org

OCR for page R1
Are Chemical Journals too Expensive and Inaccessible? A Workshop Summary to the Chemical Sciences Roundtable CHEMICAL SCIENCES ROUNDTABLE Co-chairs F. FLEMING CRIM (NAS), University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI MARY L. MANDICH, Lucent Technologies, Murray Hill, NJ Members PAUL T. ANASTAS, Green Chemistry Institute, Washington, DC PATRICIA A. BAISDEN, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, CA MICHAEL R. BERMAN, Air Force Office of Scientific Research, Arlington, VA RICHARD BUCKIUS, National Science Foundation, Arlington, VA LEONARD J. BUCKLEY, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, Arlington, VA CHARLES P. CASEY (NAS), University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI ARTHUR B. ELLIS, National Science Foundation, Arlington, VA TERESA FRYBERGER, Office of Science and Technology Policy, Washington, DC JEAN H. FUTRELL, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA PAUL GILMAN, Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC ALEX HARRIS, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY SHARON HAYNIE, E. I. du Pont de Nemours & Company, Wilmington, DE NED D. HEINDEL, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, PA CAROL J. HENRY, American Chemistry Council, Arlington, VA MICHAEL J. HOLLAND, Office of Science and Technology Policy, Washington, DC CHARLES T. KRESGE, Dow Chemical Company, Midland, MI GEORGE H. LORIMER (NAS), University of Maryland, College Park, MD PAUL F. MCKENZIE, Bristol-Myers Squibb Company, New Brunswick, NJ WILLIAM S. REES, Department of Homeland Security, Washington, DC GERALDINE L. RICHMOND, University of Oregon, Eugene, OR MICHAEL E. ROGERS, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD JEFFREY J. SIIROLA (NAE), Eastman Chemical Company, Kingsport, TN DOTSEVI Y. SOGAH, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY WALTER J. STEVENS, Department of Energy, Washington, DC FRANKIE WOOD-BLACK, ConocoPhillips, Houston, TX National Research Council Staff KAREN LAI, Research Associate, Christine Mirzayan Graduate Fellow (August-December 2004) TINA M. MASCIANGIOLI, Program Officer ERICKA M. MCGOWAN, Research Associate DAVID C. RASMUSSEN, Project Assistant DOROTHY ZOLANDZ, Director

OCR for page R1
Are Chemical Journals too Expensive and Inaccessible? A Workshop Summary to the Chemical Sciences Roundtable BOARD ON CHEMICAL SCIENCES AND TECHNOLOGY Co-chairs ARNOLD F. STANCELL (NAE), Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA (emeritus) A. WELFORD CASTLEMAN, JR. (NAS), Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA Members PAUL T. ANASTAS, Green Chemistry Institute, Washington, DC DENISE M. BARNES, Independent Consultant, Snellville, GA ANDREA W. CHOW, Caliper Life Sciences, Mountain View, CA MARK E. DAVIS (NAE), California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA JEAN DE GRAEVE, Université de Liège, Liège, Belgium MILES P. DRAKE, Air Products & Chemical Company, Allentown, PA CATHERINE C. FENSELAU, University of Maryland, College Park, MD GEORGE W. FLYNN (NAS), Columbia University, New York, NY MAURICIO FUTRAN (NAE), Bristol-Myers Squibb Company, New Brunswick, NJ LOU ANN HEIMBROOK, Merck & Company, Inc., Rahway, NJ ROBERT HWANG, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY JAY V. IHLENFELD, 3M Research & Development, St. Paul, MN JAMES L. KINSLEY (NAS), Rice University, Houston, TX MARTHA A. KREBS, Science Strategies, Los Angeles, CA WILLIAM A. LESTER, JR., University of California, Berkeley, CA GREGORY O. NELSON, Eastman Chemical Company, Kingsport, TN DONALD PROSNITZ, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, CA ELSA REICHMANIS (NAE), Lucent Technologies, Murray Hill, NJ MATTHEW V. TIRRELL (NAE), University of California, Santa Barbara, CA National Research Council Staff KAREN LAI, Research Associate, Christine Mirzayan Graduate Fellow (August-December 2004) TINA M. MASCIANGIOLI, Program Officer ERICKA M. MCGOWAN, Research Associate CHRISTOPHER K. MURPHY, Program Officer SYBIL A. PAIGE, Administrative Associate DAVID C. RASMUSSEN, Project Assistant DOROTHY ZOLANDZ, Director

OCR for page R1
Are Chemical Journals too Expensive and Inaccessible? A Workshop Summary to the Chemical Sciences Roundtable This page intentionally left blank.

OCR for page R1
Are Chemical Journals too Expensive and Inaccessible? A Workshop Summary to the Chemical Sciences Roundtable Preface The Chemical Sciences Roundtable (CSR) was established in 1997 by the National Research Council. It provides a science-oriented apolitical forum for leaders in the chemical sciences to discuss chemistry-related issues affecting government, industry, and universities. Organized by the National Research Council’s Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology, the CSR aims to strengthen the chemical sciences by fostering communication among the people and organizations—spanning industry, government, universities, and professional associations—involved with the chemical enterprise. One way it does this is by organizing workshops that address issues in chemical science and technology that require national attention. In October 2004, the CSR organized a workshop on the topic, “Are Chemical Journals Too Expensive and Inaccessible?” This workshop provided a forum to discuss the publication of chemistry journals within the larger context of scientific, technical, and medical (STM) journal publishing. Issues relevant to the different stakeholders from academe, industry, and government were addressed, such as whether the needs of users of chemical information are being met; how librarians are responding to changes in STM publishing; the economics of publishing chemical journals; and whether the increasing cost of subscriptions is presenting obstacles to carrying out research in chemistry and chemical engineering. As part of this activity, the unique scientific journal needs of chemists and chemical engineers and the new approaches for addressing those needs—including “open access”—were explored. This document summarizes the presentations and discussions that took place at the workshop, which have been edited and organized around the major themes of historical perspective, challenges of web publication, cost, access, archives, and open access. In accordance with the policies of the CSR, the workshop did not attempt to establish any conclusions or recommendations about needs and future directions, focusing instead on issues identified by the speakers. Ned D. Heindel Workshop Organizer

OCR for page R1
Are Chemical Journals too Expensive and Inaccessible? A Workshop Summary to the Chemical Sciences Roundtable This page intentionally left blank.

OCR for page R1
Are Chemical Journals too Expensive and Inaccessible? A Workshop Summary to the Chemical Sciences Roundtable Acknowledgment of Reviewers This workshop summary has been reviewed in draft form by persons chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise in accordance with procedures approved by the National Research Council’s Report Review Committee. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the institution in making its published workshop summary as sound as possible and to ensure that the summary meets institutional standards of objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the workshop charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the deliberative process. We wish to thank the following individuals for their review of this workshop summary: Carol Tenopir, University of Tennessee Philip Barnett, City College of New York Gordon Tibbitts, Blackwell Publishing Inc. (US) Marc H. Brodsky, American Institute of Physics Claude F. Meares, University of California-Davis Carol Carr, University of Pennsylvania Jack Halpern, University of Chicago Although the reviewers listed above have provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they did not see the final draft of the workshop summary before its release. The review of this workshop summary was overseen by C. Herb Ward, of Rice University. Appointed by the Division on Earth and Life Studies, he was responsible for making certain that an independent examination of this workshop summary was carried out in accordance with institutional procedures and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content of this workshop summary rests entirely with the authors and the institution.

OCR for page R1
Are Chemical Journals too Expensive and Inaccessible? A Workshop Summary to the Chemical Sciences Roundtable This page intentionally left blank.

OCR for page R1
Are Chemical Journals too Expensive and Inaccessible? A Workshop Summary to the Chemical Sciences Roundtable Contents 1   Overview   1 2   Historical Perspective   4 3   Challenges of Web Publication   8 4   Cost   12 5   Access   18 6   Archives   21 7   Open Access   24     APPENDIXES     A   Workshop Agenda   29 B   List of Participants   31 C   Biographic Sketches of Workshop Speakers   33 D   Origin of and Information on the Chemical Sciences Roundtable   37

OCR for page R1
Are Chemical Journals too Expensive and Inaccessible? A Workshop Summary to the Chemical Sciences Roundtable This page intentionally left blank.