warming; a Commission on Life Sciences staff citation for her work in risk assessment and management; and two awards from the Policy and Global Affairs Division for her efforts in dissemination of National Academies reports. Other studies have addressed human reproductive cloning, setting priorities for National Science Foundations’ large research facilities, science and technology presidential appointments, science and technology centers, international benchmarking of US research fields, graduate and postdoctoral education, responsible conduct of research, careers in science and engineering, and many environmental topics. She holds a bachelor’s degree in mechanical and environmental engineering from the University of California, Irvine; a master’s degree in business administration; and a PhD in public administration, specializing in policy analysis, from the American University. Before coming to the National Academies, she was a mathematician for the US Air Force, an air-pollution engineer for the state of Texas, and an air-issues manager for the Chemical Manufacturers Association.


JAMES A. VOYTUK is a senior program officer at the National Academies and provides technical support and analysis for projects dealing with the demographics of the science and engineering workforce, career transitions and labor-market issues for scientists and engineers, and graduate education and postdoctoral training. His current projects involve the development of the 2005 Assessment of Research Doctorate Programs; the Study of National Needs for Biomedical, Behavioral, and Clinical Personnel; and the evaluation of the Resident Research Associateship Programs. Dr. Voytuk received a PhD in mathematics from Carnegie Institute of Technology.



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